SHIZUOKA GOURMETS

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Japanese Fish Lexicon : Japanese~English~French

Japanese Fish Lexicon: Japanese~English~French traduction des noms de poissons japonais trilingue anglais~Francais~Japonais

Japanese Fish Lexicon : I thought that such a lexicon would become handy both for English-French speaking newcomers and long term residents!

I wrote the Japanese pronunciation first, the Chinese (Japanese kanji) characters and the French and English translations.

Bear in mind that many fish have many names depending on the Japanese region. These are the common names and vernacular names.
If you have a question I will be glad to investigate!

Ps : There may be some mistakes, do not hesitate to ask me some changes !

Traditional Japanese Fish Classification

  • Akami/赤身 / Poisson à chair rouge (thon, bonite, etc.) / Red-fleshed fish (tuna, bonito, etc).
  • Amago/アマゴ, 雨子,雨魚,甘子,天魚,鯇 / Saumon amago, saumon masu tacheté de rouge, truite amago. Attention ici, car il semble que le terme “amago” se rapporte à la variété restant dans le flux des rivières et ne concerne pas les lacs et autres étendues d’eau. / Fresh water Red spotted masu trout, Satsukimasu salmon. Be careful here, it seems that “amago” refers only to the variety who rest in the river streams, and not in the lake etc.. In that case, use “Red spotted masu trout” or “Satsukimasu”.
  • Gyoran/魚卵 / Rogue de poisson (saumon, etc…) / Fish roe (salmon roe, etc).
  • Hikarimono/光り物 / Poissons “luminescents” / Shining fish” (scabbard fis, etc.)
  • Nagamono/長もの / Poissons “longs (anguilles, congres etc…) / “Long fish” (eels, etc.)
  • Saamon/サーモン / Saumon / Salmon
  • Shiromi/白身 / Poissons à chair blanche (sole etc…) / White-fleshed fish (sole, etc.)

Fish varieties

A

A

  • Aburagarei/油鰈 / Plie du Kamtchatka / Righteye flounder, Kamtchaka flounder / Atheresthes evermanni
  • Aodai/青鯛 / Fusilier Bleu / Blue Fusilier, Blue Snapper” / Paracaesio caerulea
  • Atorantikku saamon/アトランティックサーモン / Saumon atlantique / Atlantic salmon / Salmo sala
  • Ainame/鮎並,愛魚女 / Greenling, Greenling Gras / Greenling, Fat Greenling / Hexagrammos otakii
  • Aji/鯵 / Chinchard / Horse Mackerel, Jack mackerels or Saurels / Family of carangidae
  • Akagai/赤貝 / Palourde Rouge / Ark Shell, Broughton’s Ribbed ark, Bloody Clam / Scapharca broughtonii 
  • Akahata/赤羽太 / Mérou Oriflamme, Badèche, Grisette / Red Grouper, Blacktip Grouper, Banded Grouper, Golden Grouper Banded Rock Cod, Banded Reef Cod / Epinephelus fasciatus
  • Aka isaki/赤伊佐木、赤伊佐幾、赤鶏魚 / Perche “lever de soleil” / Sunrise Perch, Red chicken grunt, threeline grunt, Bass,Perch, Schlegel red bass / Caprodon schlegelii
  • Aka jinmiidai/赤仁羽鯛 (also called Sujiara/筋𩺊) / Vieille Saint-Silac,Saumonée léopard / Red-Spotted Rockcod, Blue Spotted Grouper, Leopard Coralgrouper,Spotted Coralgrouper / Plectropomus leopardus
  • Akakamasu/赤梭魚, 赤梭子魚, 赤魳 (also called Honkamasu/本梭魚、本梭子魚、本魳) / Barracuda, Bécune / Red Barracuda / phyraena pinguis Gunther
  • Aka kasago/赤笠子,赤瘡魚 / Rascasse / Rockfish, Marbled Rockfish, Scorpionfish / Sebastiscus marmoratus
  • Akamanbou/赤万包 (also called Mandai/万鯛) / Poisson-lune, Lampris Royal, Lampris-lune, Saumon des Dieux ou Opah / Opah, Moonfish, (Sunfish ?) Cravokingfish, and Jerusalem Haddock / Lampris guttatus
  • Aka mebaru/赤メバル / Perchaude du Japon / Red Japanese Sea Perch-rockfish, Rockfish, Japanese Red Seaperch or Dark-banded Rockfish / Sebastes inermis 
  • Akamutsu/赤鱫, 赤鯥 (also called Nodokuro/喉黒) / Vivaneau Nodoguro / Rosy Seabass, Red Gnomefish, Blackthroat Seaperch / Doederleinia berycoides
  • Akou/茂魚,石茂魚 (also called kijihata/雉羽太) / Mérou rouge tacheté / Redspotted grouper, Hong Kong grouper / Epinephelus akaara
  • Akoudai/赤魚鯛 / Sébaste / Rose Fish, Rock Fish / Sebastes matsubarae 
  • Amadai/甘鯛 / Poisson-tuile à Tête de Cheval, Poisson-tuile Rouge / Tilefish, Blanquillo, Horse-head fish, Horsehead tilefish / Branchiostegus japonicus 
  • Amenouo (Biwa masu)/岩魚, 鯇, 天之魚(琵琶鱒) / Truite Biwa, Biwa Masu ou Amenōo / Biwa Trout, Biwa Salmon (fresh water), Char, Charr, Land-locked Trout / Oncorhynchus masou subsp. rhodurus 
  • Anago/穴子, 海鰻 / Anguille de Mer / Conger Eel
  • Ankou/鮟鱇,鮟 / Baudroie / Frogfish, Monkfish, Goosefish / Lophiomus setigerus
  • Ara/𩺊 / Ara, Perche à Scie , Dageumbari Ara / Sawedged Perch (or Sea-bass, Grouper, Rock-cod) / Niphon spinosus 
  • Ayu/鮎香魚 / Ayu, “Poisson Sucré” / Ayu, Ayu Fish (fresh water), Sweetfish / Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis

B

B

  • Bachimaguro/鉢鮪, 撥鮪(also known as Mebachi/目鉢, 眼撥or as Mebachimaguro/目鉢鮪, 眼撥鮪 / Thon obèse ou Patudo / Big-eyed tuna, Ahi (Hawaï) / Thunnus obesus
  • Bakemaguro/化け鮪(also called Koshinagamaguro/腰長鮪) / Thon Mignon / Longtail Tuna, Longtailed Tuna, Spot-side Tuna (the smallest tuna in Japan) / Thunnus tonggol
  • Binchoumaguro/鬢長鮪 (also known as Binnaga/鬢長 and Tonbomaguro/蜻蛉鮪) / Germon, Thon Blanc / Albacore,  Longfin Tuna / Thunnus alalunga
  • Biwa masu (Amenouo)/ 琵琶鱒(岩魚, 鯇、天之魚) / Truite Biwa / Biwa Trout, BiwaSalmon (fresh water), Char / Oncorhynchus rhodurus
  • Bora/鯔 / Mulet Cabot, Mulet à Grosses tête / Mullet, Young Stripped Mullet / Mugil cephalus
  • Botan Ebi/ボタン海老 / Crevette Botan / Botan Shrimp / Pandalus nipponensis
  • Bouzu Konnnyaku/坊主蒟蒻 (also called Chikodai/チコ鯛 or Chidai/血鯛, although misleading) / Dérivant Indien / Chunky fathead, Shortfin, Cigarfish / Cubiceps whiteleggii
  • Budai/ブ鯛 / Perroquet Japonicus / White-spotted parrotfish, Japanese Parrotfish, Whitespotted Calotomus / Calotomus japonicus
  • Buri/鰤 / Sériole buri, sériole du Japon / Yellowtail, Japanese Amberjack / Seriola quinqueradiata

C

C

  • Chidai/血鯛 / Pagre, Pagre Cramoisi / Crimson Sea-bream, Porgy / Evynnis japonica
  • Chouzame/蝶鮫、鱘 / Esturgeon / Sturgeon / Acipenser meridostris

D

D

  • Dojyou/鰌 ローチ / Loche baromètre / Loach, Weather Loach, Pond Loach / Misgurnus anguillicaudatus

E

E

  • Ebisudai/恵比寿鯛 / Ostichthys, Poisson Soldat Japonais / Deepwater Squirrelfish, Ebisu Perch, Giant Squirrelfish, Japanese Soldierfish / Ostichthys japonicus
  • Ebodai (also called Ibodai)/えぼ鯛(疣鯛) / Stromaté du japon / Japanese Butterfish, Melon Seed, Wart Perch, Pacific Rudderfish, Ibodai / Psenopsis anomala
  • Ezobafun uni/蝦夷馬糞海胆 / Oursin du Japon / Short-spined Sea Urchin / Strongylocentrotus intermedius

F

F

  • Fuedai/笛鯛 / Vivaneau Etoilé / Star Snapper, Ornate Snapper / Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus
  • Fugu/鰒、河豚 / Poisson-globe / Globefish / Takifugu rubripes
  • Fuka/鱶 / Requin / Shark
  • Funa/鮒 / Carassin ou plus spécifiquement selon l’espèce carpe à la lune / Crucian Carp (fresh water) Japanese White Crucian Carp, JapaneseCarp, White Crucian Carp, Gengoro-buna / Carassius cuvieri

G

G

  • Ginzake/銀鮭 / Saumon argenté, Saumon Coho / Coho Salmon, Silver Salmon / Oncorhynchus kisutch
  • Gomasaba/胡麻鯖 / Maquereau Tacheté / Blue Mackerel, Japanese Mackerel, Pacific Mackerel, Slimy Mackerel or Spotted Chub Mackerel / Scomber australasicus
  • Goten anago/御殿穴子 / Une sorte d’Anago (pas de nom français) / A variety of Anago/穴子: Conger Eel / Ariosoma meeki

H

H

  • Hagatsuo/歯鰹 / Bonite Rayée / Striped Bonito / Sarda orientalis
  • Hakkaku (also called Tokubire)/八角/サチ/トクビ / Sachi / A variety of Poacher, Japanese Poacher, Tokubire / Podothecus sachi
  • Hamadai/浜鯛 (also called Onaga/尾長) / Vivaneau la Flamme / Flame Snapper, Longtailed Red Snapper, Onaga / Etelis coruscans
  • Hamafuefukidai/浜笛吹鯛 / Bec de Cane bleuté / Snapper, Spangled Emperor / Lethrinus nebulosus
  • Hamo/鱧 / Murène Japonaise / Daggertooth Pike Conger, Darkfin Pike Eel / Muraenesox cinereus
  • Hata/羽太 / Mérou Bagnard / Grouper, (the expensive variety), Seven Band Grouper / Hyporthodus septemfasciatus
  • Hata hata/鰰 / Toroumoque Japonais / Sailfin Sandfish, Japanese Sandfish / Arctoscopus japonicus
  • Haze/蝦虎魚/鯊 / Gobii / Goby / Gobioidei
  • Hedai/平鯛 / Brême de Mer, Dorade Dorée / Goldlined Seabream, Silver Bream / Rhabdosargus sarba
  • Higetara/髭鱈 / Pas de nom Vernaculaire / Snubnose Brotula / Hoplobrotula armata
  • Himedai/姫鯛 / Colas Lavande / Lavender Jobfish, Crimson Snapper, Sea-perch, Snapper / Pristipomoides sieboldii 
  • Hirame/平目/鮃/比目魚 / Cardeau Hirame / Sole, Flatfish, Bastard Halibut / Paralichthys olivaceus
  • Hiramasa/平政 / Sériole Chicard / Yellowtail Amberjack / Seriola lalandi Valenciennes
  • Hirasaba/平鯖 / Maquereau Espagnol / Chub Mackerel, Pacific Mackerel, Blue Mackerel / Scomber japonicus Houttuyn
  • Hirasoudagatsuo/平宗田 / Auxis, Variété de Bonite / Auxis, Variety of Bonito, Bullet Tuna / Scombrinae
  • Hirasuzuki/平鱸 / Bar Asiatique / Blackfin Seabass / Lateolabrax latus Katayama
  • Hokke/𩸽 / Terpuga Arabesque de Okhotsk / Okhotsk Atka Mackerel, Arabesque Greenling / Pleurogrammus azonus 
  • Hokkigai/北寄貝 / Mactre ou Palourde Hokkigai / Sakhalin Surf Clam / Spisula sachalinensis
  • Honkamasu/本梭魚/本梭子魚/本魳/赤梭魚/赤梭子魚/赤魳) / Bécune / Red Barracuda / Sphyraena pinguis Gunther
  • Honmaguro/本鮪/黒鮪 / Thon Rouge du Pacifique / Pacific Bluefin Tuna / Thunnus orientalis
  • Hoshigarei/星鰈 / Verasper / Star Turbot, Spotted Halibut / Verasper variegatus
  • Hotate/ホタテ / Pétoncle Japonais / Japanese Scallop / Mizuhopecten yessoensis
  • Houbou/方々 / Rouget Grondin / Spiny Red Gurnard、Gurnard、Sea Robin / Chelidonichthys spinosus

I

I

  • Ibodai/Ebodai/ 疣鯛(えぼ鯛) / Stromaté du Japon / Japanese butterfish, Melon Seed, Wart Perch, Pacific Rudderfish / Psenopsis anomala
  • Ikanago/玉筋魚 / Lançon du Pacifique / Japanese Sand Lance, Pacific Sandlance / Ammodytes personatus Girard
  • Ikura/イクラ / Oeufs de Saumon / Salmon roe / Derives from Russian word икра (ikra) which means caviar or fish roe
  • Indomaguro/印度鮪 (also known as Minamimaguro/南鮪 / Thon Rouge du Sud / Southern Bluefin Tuna / Thunnus maccoyii
  • Irako anago/伊良子穴子 / Anguille Egorgée de Gray / Gray’s Cutthroat, Kaup’s Arrowtooth Eel, Long-nose Eel, Longnosed Eel, Northern Cutthroat Eel, Slatjaw Cutthroat Eel / Synaphobranchus kaupii Johnson
  • Isaki/伊佐木/伊佐幾/鶏魚 / Possiblement “Grogneur Isaki” / Chicken Grunt / Parapristipoma trilineatum
  • Ishidai/石鯛 / Striped Beakfish, Barred Knifejaw
  • Ishigaki-Ishigakidai/石垣-石垣鯛 / Ishidai (Scarus ?) / Spotted Knifejaw / Oplegnathus punctatus
  • Ishigarei/石喰霊 / Flet Pierre / Stone Flounder / Kareius bicoloratus
  • Ishimochi/石持 / Silver Croaker, White Croaker, Silver Jewfish
  • Iso kasago/磯笠子、磯瘡魚 / ? / A Variety of Rockfish / Scorpaenodes littoralis
  • Iwana/岩魚/嘉魚/鮇 / Salvelinus / Char, Charr, Salvenlinus / Salvelinus

K

K

  • Kaiwari/貝割 / Carangue à Nageoires Blanches / Whitefin Trevally / Carangoides equul
  • Kajikimaguro/梶木鮪/旗魚鮪 (also known as Makajiki/真梶木, 真旗魚) / Marlin Rayé / Spearfish (Blue) Marlin, Striped Marlin / Kajikia audax
  • Kaki/かき / Huître Creuse du Pacifique / Pacific Oyster, Japanese Oyster, Miyagi Oyster / Magallana gigas
  • Kagokakidai/駕籠担鯛 / Poisson Rayé, Footballeur à Bandes Noires / Stripey / Microcanthus strigatus
  • Kamasu/魳/梭魚/梭子魚 / Barracuda / Barracuda / Sphyraena pinguis
  • Kanpachi/間八/環八 / Limon, Sériole Couronnée / Greater Amberjack, Japanese Amberjack / Seriola dumerili
  • Karasugarei/烏鰈 / Flétan du Groenland / Greenland Halibut, Mock Halibut, Bastard Halibut, Black Halibut, / Reinhardtius hippoglossoides
  • Karei/鰈 / Limande / Flatfish, Righteye flounder / Pleuronectidae 
  • Kasago/笠子/瘡魚 / Rascasse / False Kelpfish, Marbled Rockfish / Sebastiscus marmoratus
  • Kasugo/春子鯛 / Daurade Juvénile / Young Madai, Japanese seabream
  • Katsuo/鰹 / Bonite à Ventre Rayé, Thon Listao, Thon Tose, Thon Rosé / Bonito, Skipjack Tuna, Balaya, Cakalang, Katsuo, Arctic bonito, Mushmouth, Oceanic Bonito, Striped Tuna, Victor Fish / Katsuwonus pelamis
  • Kawahagi/皮剥 / Stephanolepis Cirrhifer / Thread-sail Filefish, Filefish, Leather Jacket / Stephanolepis cirrhifer
  • Kensaki ika/剣先烏賊 / Calmar Epée / Swordtip Squid / Uroteuthis edulis
  • Kibinago/黍女子、黍魚子、吉備女子、吉備奈仔 / Hareng Gracile / Silver-stripe Round Herring / pratelloides gracilis
  • Kibire/黄鰭 / Dorade à Dos Jaune ? / Yellowback Seabream / Dentex hypselosomus
  • Kihadamaguro/黄肌鮪/Kiwada/キワダ(Tokyo, Wakayama)/Gesunaga/ゲスナガ(Shizuoka), Mashipi/マシビ(Osaka, Kochi)/Kinhire/キンヒレ / Thon Jaune , Albacore, Thon à Nageoires Jaunes, Thon Albacore Albacore à Nageoires jaunes, Grand Fouet, Zonn / Yellowfin Tuna / Thunnus albacares
  • Kijihata/雉羽太(also called Akou/茂魚,石茂魚) / Mérou de Hong-Kong / Redspotted grouper, Hong-Kong grouper / Epinephelus akaara
  • Kinmedai/金目鯛 / Béryx Long / Splendid Alfonsino / Beryx splendens
  • Kintokidai/金時鯛 / Une sorte de “Beauclaire” / Red Bigeye / Priacanthus macracanthus 
  • Kisu /鱚 / Sillaginidae / Japanese whiting / Sillago japonica
  • Kitamurasaki uni/北紫海胆 / Oursin des Mers du Nord / Sea Urchin / Strongylocentrotus nudus
  • Ko Aji/子鯵 / Jeune Chinchard / Very young Horse Mackerel (also called Mame aji/豆鯵) / Trachurus japonicus
  • Kochi/鯒、牛尾魚 / Platycephalus ou “Poisson-crocodile” / Flathead / Platycephalus
  • Kohada (konoshiro)/小肌(コノシロ(子代)/シンコ(新子)/コハダ(小鰭 / Alose Noyer, Alose Tachetée / Dotted Gizzard Shad, Konoshiro Gizzard Shad, Spotted Sardine / Konosirus punctatus
  • Koi/鯉 / Carpe Commune / Common Carp (fresh water) / Cyprinus carpio
  • Korodai/胡蘆鯛 / A Cheap Variety of Snapper / Diagramma pictum
  • Koshinagamaguro/腰長鮪 (also called Bakemaguro/化け鮪) / Thon Mignon / Longtail Tuna, Longtailed Tuna, Spot-side Tuna (the smallest tuna in Japan) / Longtail tuna
  • Koshyo (Koshiodai)/胡椒鯛 / Famille des “Gaterin” ou “Diagramme” / Crescent sweetlips / Plectorhinchus cinctus
  • Kuchibidai, Fuefukidai (口美鯛, 目奈陀, 目魚) / Capitaine / Chinese Emperor, Grey large-eye Bream,Longspine Emperor /
  • Kue/九絵, 垢 / Mérou à Dents Longues / Longtooth Grouper / Epinephelus bruneus
  • Kurodai/黒鯛 / Pagre Tête Noire / Japanese Black Porgy, Blackhead, Seabream, Black Porgy / Acanthopagrus schlegelii
  • Kuromaguro (黒鮪/本鮪) / Thon Rouge du Pacifique / Bluefin Tuna / Thunnus orientalis
  • Kuro Mebaru/黒眼張, 黒眼張魚, 黒鮴 / Perche Noire du Japon / Black Japanese Sea Perch / Sebastes ventricosus
  • Kuromutsu/黒鱫,黒鯥 / Black Gnomefish
  • Kuruma Ebi (クルマエビ, 車海老 / Crevette Impériale / Imperial Prawn / Penaeus japonicus
  • Kuro shitabirame/黒舌平目 / Sorte de Cynoglossidae / Black Sole / Paraplagusia japonica 
  • Kyuusen/九線・九仙 (also called Bera/ベラ) / Multicolorfin Rainbowfish, a cheap variety of Snapper in Eastern Japan, but an Expensive one in Western Japan / Halichoeres poecilopterus

M

M

  • Maaji/真鯵 / Chinchard / Horse Mackerel / Trachurus japonicus 
  • Maanago/真穴子 (Maru anago/丸穴子 / Une espèce de Congre / A Cheap Variety of Anago, Whitespotted Conger, Conger Eel / Conger myriaster
  • Madai/真鯛 / Dorade Japonaise / Japanese Seabream, Red Seabrem / Pagrus major 
  • Madako/真蛸 / Pieuvre Commune / Octopus / Octopus vulgaris
  • Madara/真鱈 / Morue du Pacifique / Pacific Cod, Gray Cod / Gadus macrocephalus Tilesius
  • Magarei/真鰈 / Flounder, Yellow Dtriped Glounder, Littlemouth Glounder / Pseudopleuronectes herzensteini
  • Maiwashi/真鰯 / Pilchard du Japon / Japanese Sardine, Japanese Pilchard / Sardinops melanostictus
  • Makajiki/真梶木,真旗魚,梶木鮪,旗魚鮪 / Marlin Rayé / Spear Fish (blue) Marlin / Kajikia audax
  • Makubuu (マクブー) ,Shirokurabera (シロクラベラ) / Labre à taches noires / Okinawa Blackspot Tuskfish, Blackspot Tuskfish / Choerodon schoenleinii
  • Mame aji/豆鯵 / Jeune Chinchard / Very Young Horse Mackerel / Trachurus japonicus
  • Managatsuo/真魚鰹 / Aileron ??? / Harvestfish / Pampus punctatissimus
  • Mandai/万鯛 (Akamanbou/赤万包) / Une Variété de Lampris, Opah, Saumon des Dieux / Opah ,Moonfish, Bigeye Pacific Opah / Lampris megalopsis
  • Maruaji/丸鯵 / Comète Ronde / Japanese Scad / Decapterus maruadsi 
  • Maru anago/丸穴子 / Une Variété de Congre / A cheap variety of Anago, Whitespotted conger, Conger Eel / Conger myriaster
  • Marusoudagatsuo/丸宗田鰹 / Variété de Bonite / Auxis, Variety of Bonito, Frigate Tuna, Bullet Tuna / Auxis rochei rochei 
  • Masu/鱒 / Salmonidé / Japanese Trout / Oncorhynchus masou
  • Masunosake/鱒の介 / Saumon Royal, Saumon Chinook, Saumon Quinnat / King SalmonQuinnat SalmonTsumenSpring salmonChrome HogBlackmouth, Tyee Salmon / Oncorhynchus tschawytscha
  • Matoudai/的鯛,馬頭鯛 / Saint-Pierre, Poule de Mer, Doré, Zée / John Dory, St Peter’s Fish / Zeus faber Linnaeus,
  • Matsukawagarei/松川鰈 / Variété de Verasper (plie) seulement 2 espèces connues / An expensive variety of Japanese Karei/鰈, Righteye Flounder, Barfin Flounder / Verasper moseri
  • Mebachi/目鉢/眼撥 Mebachimaguro 目鉢鮪/眼撥鮪 / Bachimaguro/鉢鮪/撥鮪 / Thon Obèse ou Patudo / Big-eyed Tuna, Ahi (Hawaï) / Thunnus obesus
  • Mebaru/眼張,眼張魚,鮴 / Perche de Mer / Japanese Sea Perch, Japanese Rock Fish / Sebastes 
  • Medai/目鯛 / Hyperoglyphe Japonais ? / Pacific barrelfish, Japanese butterfish / Hyperoglyphe japonica
  • Meitidai/目一鯛 / Brème Grise à Grands Yeux / Grey Large-eye Bream / Gymnocranius griseus
  • Meitagarei/目板鰈 / Variété de Pleuronectidae / Frog-flounder, Ridged-eye Flounder / Pleuronichthys cornutus
  • Mejina/眼仁奈 / Variété de Girella (Safran Bagué ?) / Variety of Girella (Sea Chubs) / Girella punctata 
  • Mekajiki/眼梶木/眼旗魚 / Espadon / Swordfish, Broadbill / Xiphias gladius
  • Menada/目奈陀/目魚 (also called Kuchimidai/口美鯛) / Un genre de Mulet / So-iuy Mullet, Haarder, Redlip Mullet / Liza haematocheilus
  • Menuke/目抜 / Famille des Scorpaenidae / Any Fish from the Scorpaenidae Genre / Scorpaenidae
  • Minamimaguro/ 南鮪 / Thon Rouge du Sud / Southern Bluefin Tuna / Thunnus maccoyii
  • Mirugai/海松貝 / Panope du Pacifique / Mirugai Clam / Tresus keenae
  • Mutsu/鱫,鯥 / Scombrops Boops / Scombrops Boops, Gnomefish / Scombrops boops

N

N

  • Namazu/鯰 / Une variété de Silure / Amur CatfishJapanese Common Catfish / Silurus asotus
  • Nanyoubudai/ナンヨウブダイ / Poisson Perroquet / Blunt-head Parrotfish, Steephead Parrotfish / Chlorurus microrhinos
  • Nihamaguri/二ハマグリ / Palourde Commune d’orient / Common Orient Clam
  • Nishin/鯡/鰊 / Hareng / Herring / Clupea pallasii
  • Nodoguro/喉黒 (a Blackthroat seaperch also called Akamutsu/赤鱫、赤鯥) / Vivaneau Nodoguro / Rosy Seabass / Doederleinia berycoides
  • Noresore/のれそれ / Une sorte de Leptocephalus / Conger Eel Whiting, one kind of Leptocephalus / Leptocephalus

O

O

  • Oakamuro/尾赤 / Decapterus, similaire au Comète Queue Rouge / Roughear Scad / Decapterus tabl
  • Ohyou/大鮃 (オヒョウ) / Flétan / Halibut, Flatfish / Hippoglossus and Reinhardtius
  • Okimebara/沖目張 (also called Usumebaru/薄目張(ウスメバル) / Une variété de Sebastes / Goldeye Rockfish / Sebastes thompsoni
  • Oniokoze/オニオコゼ / 鬼虎魚 / Variété de Synanceiidae (comme les poissons-pierre) / Devil Stinger / Inimicus japonicus
  • Onaga, Onagadai, Akachibiki /尾長/ オナガ / オナガダイ/アカチビキ(also called Hamadai/浜鯛) / Variété de Vivaneau (vivaneau rouge à longue queue ? ) / Deepwater Longtail Red Snapper、Flame Snapper / Etelis coruscans
  • Onigochi/鬼鯒、鬼牛尾魚 / Famille des  Poissons-crocodiles ou Platycéphalidés / Midget Flathead, a variety of Sand Borer / Onigocia spinosa
  • Onikasago/鬼笠子、鬼瘡魚 / Poisson cousin des Rascasses / Weedy stingfish, Scorpion Fish / Scorpaenopsis cirrosa

R

R

  • Renkodai/連子鯛 / Variété de Dorade (Dorade royale ? ) / Yellowback Seabream / Dentex hypselosomus

S

S

  • Saamon torauto/サーモントラウト / Truite Arc-en-ciel / Salmon Trout / Oncorhynchus mykiss
  • Saba/鯖/ Maquereau / Mackerel / Scomber
  • Sagoshi/サゴシ / 鰆, 馬鮫魚 / Thazard Oriental / Japanese Seerfish, Japanese Spanish Mackerel / Scomberomorus niphonius
  • Sake, Shake/鮭 / Saumon du PacifiqueSaumon Kéta, Saumon Chien / Chum Salmon, Dog Salmon, Keta Salmon / Oncorhynchus keta
  • Samegarei/鮫鰈 / De la famille des poissons plats (plies, les limandes, les flets et les flétans.) / Roughscale flounder, Roughscale Sole / Clidoderma asperrimum
  • Satsuki masu/皐月鱒 / ruite Amago / Red Spotted Masu Trout, Satsukimasu Salmon, Amago / Oncorhynchus masou ishikawae
  • Sakura masu/桜鱒 / Saumon Masou, Saumon du Japon / Seema, Cherry Salmon, Masu Salmon / Oncorhynchus masou masou
  • Same/鮫 / Requin / Shark / Selachimorpha, Selachii
  • Sanma/秋刀魚,青串魚 / Balaou du Japon / Mackerel Pike, Pacific Saury / Cololabis saira
  • Sappa/鯥 / Scombrops boops / Scombrops boops, Gnomefish / Scombrops boops
  • Sawara/鰆 / Thazard Oriental / Japanese Seerfish, Japanese Spanish mackerel / Scomberomorus niphonius
  • Sayori/J,針魚 / Demi-bec du Japon / Japanese Halfbeak / Hyporhamphus sajori
  • Sennendai/千年鯛 / Vivaneau Bourgeois, Empereur Rouge / Emperor Red Snapper / Lutjanus sebae
  • Shako/蝦蛄 / Crevette-mante / Squilla / Oratosquilla oratoria
  • Shiira/鱪,鱰 / CoryphèneDorade Coryphène Mahi-mahi / Mahi-mahi, Common Dolphinfish / Coryphaena hippurus
  • Shimaaji/縞鯵, 島鯵 / Carangue Dentue / Striped Jack, White Trevally / Pseudocaranx dentex
  • Shimanagatsuo/縞鰹 / Brama Japonica / Japanese Pomfret / Brama japonica
  • Shinko/シンコ: Young Kohada (konoshiro)/小肌(鰶, 鮗, 鱅) / Alose Noyer, Alose Tachetée / Dotted Gizzard Shad, Dotted Gizzard Shad, Konoshiro Gizzard Shad, Spotted Sardine / Konosirus punctatus
  • Shirasu/白子(Namasirasu/生白子 if raw) / Civelle, ou Nonnat ou Poutine (Nice), Pibale / Sardine Whiting
    Shirokurabera/シロクラベラ (also called Makubuu/マクブー) / Labre à taches noires / Okinawa Blackspot Tuskfish, Blackspot Tuskfish / Choerodon schoenleinii
  • Shiro mebaru/白眼張、白眼張魚、白鮴 / Perche de Mer Blanche / Japanese White Sea Perch, Japanese Rock Fish / Sebastes 
  • Shirosaba Fugu/白鯖河豚 / Tétraodon-lièvre Doré / Half-smooth Golden Pufferfish, a variety of Japanese Puffer, Globefish / Lagocephalus spadiceus 
  • Shishamo/柳葉魚 / Poisson Feuille de Saule, Shishamo / Shishamo (meaning Willow Leaf Fish, a kind of Japanese Smelt) / Spirinchus lanceolatus
  • Sujiara/筋𩺊 (also called Aka jinmiidai/赤仁羽鯛) / Vieille Saint-Silac, Saumonée Léopard / Leopard Coralgrouper, Spotted Coralgrouper / Plectropomus leopardus
  • Surumeika/スルメイカ / Toutenon Japonais / Japanese Common Squid / Todarodes pacificus 
  • Sumiika/墨烏賊 / Seiche Juvenile / Golden Cuttlefish / Sepia (Platysepia) esculenta
  • Suzuki/鱸 / Bar du Japon / Japanese Sea Perch, Japanese Sea Bass / Lateolabrax japonicus
    Tachiuo/太刀魚,魛 / Poisson Sabre / Largehead Hairtail, Atlantic Cutlassfish, Pacific Cutlassfish, Japanese cutlassfish / Trichiurus lepturus

T

T

  • Tai/鯛 / Daurade Japonaise / Red Seabream (in Japan, it means the best variety!), Red Snapper / Pagrus major
  • Tairagi/平貝 / Jambonneau / Pen-shell / Atrina pectinata
  • Taiseiyoumaguro/大西鮪 / Atlantic (including Mediterranean) Bluefin Tuna / Thon rouge du Pacifique / Bluefin Tuna / Thunnus
  • Takabe/鰖 / Proche des Saupes ou Caligères / Yellowstriped Butterfish / Labracoglossa argentiventris 
  • Tara/鱈 / Morue, Cabillaud / Cod / Gadinae, Gadus macrocephalus for Pacific Cod
  • Tobiuo/飛魚 / Exocoetidae, variété de Poisson Volant / Flying Fish / Cypselurus ago
    Tonbomaguro/蜻蛉鮪(also known as Binchoumaguro/鬢長鮪 and Binnaga/鬢長) / Germon, Thon Blanc / Albacore,  Longfin Tuna / Thunnus alalunga
  • Torafugu/虎河豚,虎鰒 / Fugu / Japanese Puffer, Tiger Puffer, Torafugu, Globefish / Takifugu rubripes
  • Torigai/鳥貝 / Coque Torigai / Heart Clam, Japanese Egg Cockle / Fulvia mutica
  • Tsubodai/つぼ鯛 / Japanese Armorhead, Japanese Boarfish / Pentaceros japonicus

U

U

  • Ugui/鯎、石斑魚 / Ugui / Big-scaled Redfin ou Japanese Dace / Tribolodon hakonensis
  • Umazurahagi/馬面剥(also called Umazura/馬面) / Proche des Monacanthes, Poissons-limes, Poissons-bourses / Black Scraper, Filefish / Thamnaconus modestus
  • Unagi/鰻 / Anguille du Japon / Japanese Eel (cooked) / Anguillidae
  • Urumeiwashi/うるめ鰯 / Famille des Harengs / Red-eye Round Herring / Etrumeus teres
  • Usumebaru/薄目張 (also called Okimebara/沖目張) / Une variété de Sebastes / Goldeye Rockfish / Sebastes thompsoni
  • Utsubo/鱓 / Une sorte de Murène / Moray Eel / Muraenidae

W

W

  • Wakasagi/公魚,鰙,若鷺 / Wakasagi / Japanese smelt,Wakasagi, Pond Melt / Hypomesus nipponensis

Y

Y

  • Yagara/矢柄 / Poissons-flûte ou Poissons Cornets / Cornetfishes, Flutemouth, Trumpet Fish / Fistulariidae
  • Yari Ika/槍烏賊 / Calmar à Longues Nageoires / Spear Squid / Loligo bleekeri

See also our other Lexicons !

PRACTICAL (EN/JP/FR) JAPANESE SAKE TERMS LEXICON

Sushi Lexicon: Japanese~English Lexicon~French (regularly amended)

Japanese Seafood Lexicon

Other websites

Lexicon (Japanese only)
Fisheries and Aquaculture in Japan

10 Comments

  1. Kimberly Gibson

    Is there a japanese term for fatty king salmon?

    1. dragonlife

      Sorry, I do not think so!

  2. Bob

    Fantastic site well done! What is Sheephead in Japanese BTW

    1. dragonlife

      Thank you so much! Sheephead is not found in Japan, accordingly the name is the same in Japanese!
      https://www.google.com/search?client=firefox-b-d&q=sheephead+fish

  3. nattou

    I love this! Looking for fishes to cook with, and they’re all written in hiragana, as if I know what hirame is…

    1. Kei

      Excellent point. I look Japanese. I can read Hiragana/Katakana/Romaji but I can’t read Kanji. I was once at an Izakaya with a Caucasian girl who majored in Japanese so she could read the Kanji. I knew the menu items because I’ve frequent many Izakaya’s and I can speak fluently… She is asking me in Japanese what each item is and I’m responding in English, the explanation. Then I’d ask her ‘what’s this say’…

  4. Branch Talley

    My girlfriend cooked a fish from a nearby Japanese market which was delicious. It was labeled ‘akauo kirimi’ I believe. Is there an English name for it? Thank you for the very good and informative website.

  5. Original Creation Omakase at Masayoshi in Vancouver [Review] | Foodgressing

    […] is a grouper of a more “expensive” variety.  Its flesh was more firm and meaty rather than light, flaky and buttery.  It had a mild, […]

  6. Robstar Ko

    Fugu / Pufferfish

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