Japanese Seafood: Japanese~English Lexicon (latest amended in November 2017)

I thought that such a lexicon would become handy both for English-speaking newcomers and long term residents!

I wrote the Japanese pronunciation first, the Chinese (Japanese kanji) characters and the English translations.

Bear in mind that many seafood have many names depending on the Japanese region. These are the common names.
If you have a question I will be glad to investigate!

By seafood I meant everything used as food from the sea except fish which is treated in a separate article!

A separate lexicon is being prepared for sushi!

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CRABS

CRAB-1

Takaashigani/高足蟹: Japanese spider crab, the largest crab in the world!
Aburagani/油蟹: blue king crab
Asahigani/旭蟹: frog crab, red frog crab
Benigani/紅蟹: another name for a Japanese variety of Zuwaigani/頭矮蟹: Snow crab
Gazami/蝤蛑(also called Wataraigani/渡り蟹): Swimming crab、Japanese blue crab
Kegani/毛蟹: Horsehair crab, Horse crab
Kurigani/栗蟹: Helmet Crab
Mozukugani/藻屑蟹: Japanese mitten crab
Taiwan gazami/台湾蝤蛑: Swimming blue crab, flower crab, blue crab, blue swimmer crab. blue manna crab

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Takaashigani/高足蟹: Japanese spider crab
Tarabagani/鱈場蟹: red king crab
Wataraigani/渡り蟹 (also called Gazami/蝤蛑): Swimming crab、Japanese blue crab
Zuwaigani/頭矮蟹: Snow crab

SHELLFISH

HAMAGURI

Hamaguri/蛤: Common orient clam as sushi!
Agemaki/揚巻: jack knife clam, sinonovacula constricta
Akaawabi/赤鮑 (also called Megaiawabi/目外鰒): a big variety of red abalone, haliotis (nordotis) gigantean Gmelin, 1791
Akagai/赤貝: Blood shellfish
Akanaeawabi/茜鮑: red abalone, Haliotis (Nordotis) rufescens Swainson
Aoyagi/青柳: Chinese mactra (also called Bakagai/破家蛤)
Atsuezobora/厚蝦夷法螺: a variety of buccinum whelk, neptunea helos (Gray, 1850)
Asari/浅利: Japanese littleneck, Manila clam
Awabi/鮑: abalone
Bai (or Baigai)/ 蛽、海蠃、海螄 : Japanese ivory shell, Japanese Babylon (also called Umi Tsubo/海つぼ)
Bakagai/破家蛤:Chinese mactra (also called Aoyagi/青柳)
Bateira/馬蹄螺: Top-shell (also called Isomono/いそもの)
Chigai/稚貝: small Scallops
Chiri awabi/チリ鮑: abalone imported from Chile
Ezo Awabi/蝦夷鰒: ezo abalone
Ezobai/蝦夷バイ: Small whelk variety Buccinum middendorff Verkruzen, 1882 (also called Iso Tsubugai/磯つぶ貝)
Hamaguri/蛤: Common orient clam
Himeshakogai/姫硨磲貝: a small Okinawan tridacninae, tridacna crocea
Hiougikai/緋扇貝: noble scallop
Hokkigai/北寄貝: Sakhalin surf clam (also called Ubagai/姥貝)
Honbinosugai/ホンビノスガイ: hard clam, Northern quahog

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Hotate/帆立: scallops
Ishigakigai/石垣貝: clinocardium californiense
Isomono/いそもの: Top-shell (also called Bateira/馬蹄螺)
Iso Tsubugai/磯つぶ貝: Small whelk variety Buccinum middendorff Verkruzen, 1882 (also called Ezobai/蝦夷バイ)
Kaki/牡蠣: oyster
Kuro awabi/黒鰒: black abalone
Madaka awabi/まだか鰒: madaka abalone
Mategai/馬刀貝: razor clam
Matsubu/真螺: whelk
Megai awabi/雌貝鰒 (also called Akaawabi/赤鮑): Megai abalone, a big variety of red abalone, haliotis (nordotis) gigantean Gmelin, 1791
Mirugai/海松貝: mirugai clam, (type of) horse clam, (type of) gaper clam (also called Mirukui/海松食、水松食)
Mirukui/海松食、水松食 8also called Shiromiru/白海松): mirugai clam, (type of) horse clam, (type of) gaper clam
Oomategai/大馬刀貝: larger razor clam
Oomizogai/大溝貝: siliqua alta
Rokogai/ロコ貝/ Baranacle Rock-shell, Concholepas concholepas (Bruguie, 1789)
Saragai/皿貝 (also called Shirogai/白貝): northern great tellin,megangulus venulosa (Schrenk)
Satougai/佐藤貝: bloody clam, Scapharca satowi (Dunker,1882)
Sazae/栄螺、拳螺: Horned Turban
Shirobai/白蛽、白海蠃、白海螄: white Japanese ivory shell, white Japanese babylon
Shirogai/白貝 (also called Saragai/皿貝): northern great tellin,megangulus venulosa (Schrenk)
Shiromiru/白海松 (also called Mirukui/海松食、水松食): mirugai clam, (type of) horse clam, (type of) gaper clam
Sudaregai/すだれ貝: Venus clam
Tairagai/平貝 (also called Tairagi/玉珧): pen shell
Tairagi/玉珧 (also called Tairagai/平貝): pen shell
Tokobushi/床臥, 常節: small ablone, Sulculus diversicolor supertexta
Torigai/鳥貝: Heart Clam、Japanese Cockle
Tsubugai/螺貝 (or Tsubu/螺): whelk
Ubagai/姥貝: Sakhalin surf clam (also called Hokkigai/北寄貝)
Umi Tsubo/海つぼ: Japanese ivory shell, Japanese Babylon(also called Bai (or Baigai)/ 蛽、海蠃、海螄 )
Yakougai/夜光貝: Great Green Turban

CRUSTACEANS

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Botan ebi/牡丹海老: Large Prawn
Aka ebi/赤海老: Red rice prawn, whiskered velvet shrimp

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Ama ebi/甘海老: sweet shrimp
Ashiaka ebi/足赤 (also called Kuma ebi/クマエビ): Green tiger prawn, Penaeus (Penaeus) semisulcatus De.Haan.1844
Botan ebi/牡丹海老: Large Prawn
Budou ebi/葡萄海老: “Grape shrimp”, pandalopsis miyakei hayashi
Burakku Taigaa ebi/ブラックタイガー海老: black tiger prawn
Ebi/海老、蝦、鰕: prawn, shrimp
Hokkai ebi/北海海老 (also called Shima ebi/縞海老): hokkai shrimp
Ibaramo ebi/茨藻海老(also called Oni ebi/鬼海老):spiny lebbeid, Greenland lebbeid
Ise ebi/伊勢海老: spiny lobster
Kuma ebi/クマエビ(also called Ashiaka/足赤): Green tiger prawn, Penaeus (Penaeus) semisulcatus De.Haan.1844
Kuruma ebi/車海老 (also called Saimakiebi/才巻き海老): large prawn
Oni ebi/鬼海老 (also called Ibaramo ebi/茨藻海老):spiny lebbeid, Greenland lebbeid
Saimakiebi/才巻き海老 (also called Kuruma ebi/車海老): large prawn

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Sakura ebi/桜海老: cherry shrimp
Shako/蝦蛄: Squilla
Shiba ebi/芝海老: Shiba shrimp, Metapenaeus joyneri (Miers, 1880)
Shima ebi/縞海老 (also called Hokkai ebi/北海海老): hokkai shrimp
Shiro ebi/白海老: white shrimp
Uchiwa ebi/団扇海老: fan lobster, sand crayfish
Vannamei ebi/バナメイ海老: Vannamei shrimp

FISH PARTS

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Akami/赤身: red lean part nigiri
Akami/赤身: red lean part
Chuutoro/中トロ:semi fat part
Chiai/血合い: the whole bloody central part of tuna, never used in sushi
Chiai gishi/血合いぎし: the bloody central part under the skin of tuna, never used in sushi
Engawa/縁側: border flesh of the fillets, especially with soles and flatfish
Fukahire/鱶ヒレ: shark fin
Ho/頬: “Cheek”, flesh near mouth (tuna in particular)

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Ikura Konb\donburi/いくら小丼:small salmon roe sushi bowl

Ikura/いくら: salmon roe
Kama/かま: Flesh near the gills (tuna in particular)
Kami/上: part/flesh of a fish from the head (tuna in particular)
Kaperinko/カぺリン子: the eggs of a variety of Shishamo/柳葉魚: Shishamo (meaning willow leaf fish, a kind of Japanese smelt), Spirinchus lanceolatus
Kazunoko/数の子、鯑: herring roe
Madarako/真鱈子: Pacific cod roe
Mentaiko/明太子: spicy cod roe
Naka/中: central part/flesh of a fish (tuna in particular)

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Negitoro/ネギトロ: scraped underbelly part gunkan nigiri

Negitoro/ネギトロ: scraped underbelly part
O-Toro/おトロ: fat part, belly part
Shimo/下: part/flesh of fish near the tail (tuna in particular)
Sumiika/墨烏賊: Cuttlefish, Sepia (Platysepia) esculenta Hoyle,1885
Shimesaba/〆鯖: pickled mackerel, a popular way to serve it as sashimi or sushi

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Tara Shirako/白子: Cod Male fish whiting, sperm sacs gunkan nigiri

Shirako/白子: Male fish whiting, sperm sacs
Tarako/鱈子: Cod roe
Tobiko/飛子: flying fish roe

SQUIDS/CUTTLEFISH

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Aka Ika/赤烏賊: red spear squid gunkan nigiri

Aka Ika/赤烏賊: red spear squid
Aori ika/障泥烏賊 (also called Mizu ika/水烏賊): bigfin reef squid
Beika/米烏賊: a variety of spear squid loliolus (nipponololig) beka sasaki, 1929
Bozu ika/ボウズ烏賊: North Pacific bobtail, rossia (rossia) pacifica Berry, 1911
Budou ika/葡萄烏賊 (also called Kensaki ika/剣先烏賊: swordtip squid: “Grape squid”, Loligo (photololigo) forma budo Wakiya and Ishikawa, 1921
Ezohariika/蝦夷針烏賊: Andrea cuttlefish, Sepia (Doratosepion) andreana Steenstrup,1875
Hakutenkouika/泊天甲烏賊: Sepia (Doratosepion) aureomaculata Okutani & Horikawa, 1987
Hiika/
Himekouika/姫甲烏賊:Kobi cuttlefish, Sepia (Doratosepion) kobiensis Hoyle, 1885
Hotaru ika/蛍烏賊:
Hiika/ヒイカ( also called Shindo ika/深度烏賊: A variety of Sumiika/墨烏賊): Chinese ink cuttlefish, Sepia (Platysepia) esculenta Hoyle,1885
Ika/烏賊、魷: cuttlefish, squid
Kaminari ika/雷烏賊: Kisslip cuttlefish, Sepia (Acanthosepion) lycidas Gray, 1849
Kensaki ika/剣先烏賊: swordtip squid (also called Budou ika/葡萄烏賊: “Grape squid”), Loligo (photololigo) forma budo Wakiya and Ishikawa, 1921
Kou ika/子烏賊 (also called Mongouika/紋甲烏賊): Golden cuttlefish, Sepia (Platysepia) esculenta Hoyle, 1885
Mizu ika/水烏賊 (also called Aori ika/障泥烏賊): bigfin reef squid
Mongouika/紋甲烏賊 (also called Kou ika/子烏賊): Golden cuttlefish, Sepia (Platysepia) esculenta Hoyle, 1885
Shindo ika/深度烏賊: A variety of Sumiika/墨烏賊 (also called Hiika/ヒイカ): Chinese ink cuttlefish, Sepia (Platysepia) esculenta Hoyle,1885
Shiriyake ika/尻焼け烏賊: Japanese spineless cuttlefish, Sepiella japonica Sasaki, 1929
Sode ika/袖烏賊:Rhomboid squid, Thysanoteuthis rhombus Troschel, 1857
Suji ika/筋烏賊: Luminous flying squid, ucleoteuthis luminosa (Sasaki, 1915)
Sumiika/墨烏賊: Chinese ink cuttlefish, Sepia (Platysepia) esculenta Hoyle,1885
Surume/鯣: dried cuttlefish, squid
Surume ika/鯣烏賊: Japanese flying squid, Japanese common squid, Pacific flying squid
Usubeni ika/薄紅烏賊: “light red cuttlefish”
Yariika/槍烏賊: Spear Squid

Octopuses
Chiirodako/知色鮹: Chiiro octopus
Iidako/飯蛸: Ocellated octopus
Madago/真鮹: Common octopus
Mizudako/水鮹: North Pacific Giant Octopuss
Tako/蛸、鮹: octopus

OTHERS

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Uni/海胆: Sea urchin gunkan nigiri

Aka uni/赤海胆:red sea urchin, pseudocentrotus depressus
Amerika murasaki uni/アメリカ紫海胆: North-American violet urchin
Bafun uni/馬糞海胆: japanese variety of Ezobafun uni/蝦夷馬糞海胆: short-spined sea urchin
Chiri uni/チリ海胆: imported Chilean sea urchin
Ezobafun uni/蝦夷馬糞海胆 (also called Oobafun uni/大馬糞海胆): short-spined sea urchin, strongylocentrotus intermedius (A.Agassiz)
Hokuyouoobafun uni/北洋大馬糞海胆: North Pacific short-spined sea urchin
Hoya/海鞘: Sea squirt
Kitamurasaki uni/北紫海胆: north violet sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus nudus
Komochi konbu/子持ち昆布: Herring roe sandwiched on both sides of seaweed sheets
Kujira/鯨: whale
Kurage/海月: jellyfish
Murasaki uni/紫海胆:Japanese variety violet sea urchin
Namako/海鼠: Sea slug, sea cucumber
Oobafun uni/大馬糞海胆 (also called Ezobafun uni/蝦夷馬糞海胆): short-spined sea urchin, strongylocentrotus intermedius (A.Agassiz)
Shirohige uni/白髭海胆: “white beard sea urchin”, collector sea urchin, Tripneustes gratilla
Uni/海胆: Sea urchin
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RECOMMENDED RELATED WEBSITES

So Good Sushi Restaurant in Nice France
Navigating Nagoya by Paige, Shop with Intent by Debbie, BULA KANA in Fiji, Kraemer’s Culinary blog by Frank Kraemer in New York,Tokyo Food File by Robbie Swinnerton, Green Tea Club by Satoshi Nihonyanagi in Shizuoka!, Mind Some by Tina in Taiwan, Le Manger by Camille Oger (French), The Indian Tourist, Masala Herb by Helene Dsouza in Goa, India, Mummy I Can Cook! by Shu Han in London, Pie
rre.Cuisine
, Francescannotwrite, My White Kitchen, Foodhoe, Chucks Eats, Things that Fizz & Stuff, Five Euro Food by Charles,Red Shallot Kitchen by Priscilla,With a Glass, Nami | Just One Cookbook, Peach Farm Studio, Clumsyfingers by Xethia, PepperBento, Hapabento, Kitchen Cow, Lunch In A Box, Susan at Arkonlite, Vegan Lunch Box; Tokyo Tom Baker, Daily Food Porn/Osaka, Only Nature Food Porn, Happy Little Bento, J-Mama’s Kitchen, Cook, Eat, Play, Repeat, Bento Lunch Blog (German), Adventures In Bento, Anna The Red’s Bento Factory, Ohayo Bento,

Must-see tasting websites:

-Sake: Ichi For The Michi by Rebekah Wilson-Lye in Tokyo, Tokyo Through The Drinking Glass, Tokyo Foodcast, Urban Sake, Sake World
-Wine: Palate To Pen, Warren Bobrow, Cellar Tours, Ancient Fire Wines Blog
-Beer: Another Pint, Please!, Beering In Good Mind: All about Craft Beer in Kansai by Nevitt Reagan!
ABRACADABREW, Magical Craftbeer from Japan
-Whisky: Nonjatta: All about whisky in Japan by Stefan Van Eycken
-Japanese Pottery to enjoy your favourite drinks: Yellin Yakimono Gallery

Non gastronomy must-see sites by Shizuoka Residents

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Sushi: Japanese~English Lexicon (latest amended in October 2017, including history)

I thought that such a lexicon would become handy both for English-speaking newcomers and long term residents!

I wrote the Japanese pronunciation first, the Chinese (Japanese kanji) characters and the English translations.

Bear in mind that many varieties of sushi have many names depending on the Japanese region. These are the common names.
If you have a question I will be glad to investigate!

By sushi I meant everything used in making it, be it omnivorous or vegetarian!
As for name of fish and seafood see separate articles!Sushi

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Traditional Japanese Fish & Seafood Classification

Akami/赤身: red-fleshed fish (tuna, bonito, etc)
Ebi-Kani:海老・蟹: crustaceans (shrimps, crabs, etc)
Gyoran/魚卵: Fish roe (salmon roe, etc)
Hikarimono/光り物: “shining fish” (scabbard fish, etc.)
Ika-Tako/烏賊・鮹: Squids (cuttlefish) and octopuses
Kai/貝: shellfish
Nagamono/長もの: “long fish” (eels, etc.)
Others/その他: squilla and sea urchins, sea slug (sea cucumber),seaweed, tamagoyaki, vegetables, etc.
Saamon/サーモン: salmons
Shiromi/白身: white-fleshed fish (sole, etc.)

Sushi History

Although “sushi” is presently written “寿司”, it is only a modern way of writing it (“ateji/当て字”, onomatopoetic writing).
The real kanji caharacters for “sushi” are “鮓”, that is the combination of “sakana/魚/fish” and “su/酢/vinegar”.
One can also find “sushi” written as “鮨”, a combination of “sakana/魚/fish” and “abura/脂/animal fat”, but it is actually the original word for “shokara/塩辛/salted fish or squid
Actually “sushi” is the abbreviation of “sppashi” which meant “sour”!
Sushi chronologically appeared as such:
-Narezushi /熟れ鮨 (Nara and Heian Eras, 710~1185), when it was introduced from Soth East Asia. Its mst famous representatives (still found in Japan) are: funazushi/鮒ずし/Crucian Carp fermented with rice in Shiga Prefecture, sabanarezushi/鯖なれずし/mackerel fermented in rice also in Shiga Prefecture (also called sabazushi/鯖ずし) and sanmanamanarezushi/さんまなまなれずし/fermented Pacific saury/sanma/秋刀魚 traditionally presented with three slices of fish (Mie Prefecture).
Note: Narezushi is the abbreviation of Namarezushi. The concept of sushi was then completed different of modern day sushi as such sushi was only to accompany freshly steamed rice or rice balls at meals. Sushi in those times were the equivalent of modern pickles.
-During the Heian and Kamakura Eras (epecially during the 12th=14th Centuries) appeared the single word “sushi” which meant “hanzushi飯ずし/steamed rice sushi” aand “Tsukemonozushi/漬物ずし/Pickled sushi”. A typicla Hanzushi was Hokkaido salmon sushi called “Sake no hanzushi/鮭の飯ずし”, Ishikawa Prefecture “Kaburazushi/かぶらずし” made with buri/鰤/yellowtail-Japanese amberjack and Osaka “Osakazushi” made with mackerel.
-The present Osaka Style sushi, Hakozushi/箱ずし also called “Oshizushi/押しずし” or sushi pressed inside a box and cut in rectangular or square pieces appeared durin the Muromachi Era (14th~16th Centuries).
At the same time appeared the “Bozushi/棒ずし/sushi in the shape of a log”, notably in Ehime Prefecture, although the fish was then fermented together with rice. Nowadays the whole fish is pressed above normal sushi rice.
Steamed rice blended with vinegar in particular as the base for sushi appeared in the middle of Edo area (18th Century then). Its best example was the “Sasamaki tenuke zushi/笹巻き手抜きずし”, when pickled seafood and else were laid on longish ric”stickks” and left to pickle for a short time rolled inside leaves.
-The modern form of sushi appeeared in Edo (presently Tokyo) under the name of Edomaezushi/Edomaenigirizushi/江戸前ずし・江戸前握りずし/finger pressed sushi (around 1820), but stayed confined to the Tokyo area for a long time before getting known all over Japan after the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923. But sushi was almost exclusively using pickled or marinated “neta/topping” until the end of WWII. modern times with the advent of better refrigerated and preserved fresh food witnessed more and more fresh raw fish used in the making of sushi. Edomaezushi is still popular in Tokyo but foreign visitors in particular should realize it has become only a small part of the sushi world and remember that any of the 47 Japanese Prefectures has its own particular sushi and neta/topping to boast! Therefore nowadays sushi is more of a whole country gastronomic adventure!

Sushi presentations

Ankimo/安肝: frogfish/monkfish liver steamed in sake and served as firm paste. Also nicknamed “Japanese Foie gras”!
Bara sushi/ばら寿司(also called Gomoku sushi/五目寿司, Tekone zushi/手こね寿司): A simple form of Chirashi zushi
Battera Sushi/バッテラ寿司: from “bateira” in Portuguese.Traditional sushi made with spotted gizzard shad
Bougata/Bougata Sushi/棒型寿司 (also called Bou Suhi/棒寿司: Fish wholly placed onto a long rice ball or whole fish pressed over pressed rice/oshi zushi. Served whole or cut.
California Roll/カリフォルニアロル: Californian style sushi roll including at least some avocado. Can be presented rolled with the dry seaweed outside or inside (often sprinkled with roasted black sesame seeds in the latter case)
Chirashizushi/散らし寿司: “Decoration Sushi”. Usually home-made style sushi consisting of a large dish, wooden vessel filled with sushi rice and topped with all kinds of ingredients
Dashimaki/だし巻き: a variety of Japanese omelet served as a roll
Donburi/Sushi Donburi/丼, 丼寿司: Sushi served as bowl full of sushi rice topped with a single or many toppings
Edomaezushi/Edomaenigirizushi/江戸前ずし・江戸前握りずし: traditional Tokyo-style sushi which first appeared around 1820. The present form was born in 1947
Funa Zushi/鮒寿司: Pickled crucian carp sushi (one of the traditional Narezushi/熟れ鮨)
Futo Maki/Futo Maki Sushi/太巻, 太巻き寿司: Large sushi roll, traditionally including at least seven ingredients rolled inside. Served cut into thin slices.
Gomoku sushi/五目寿司 (also called Bara sushi/ばら寿司, Tekone zushi/手こね寿司): A simple form of Chirashi zushi
Gunkan/Gunkan Nigiri/Gunkan Nigiri Sushi/軍艦, 軍艦握り, 軍艦握り寿司: “mother Ship style sushi. The rice ball is wrapped with a narrow band of dry seaweed slightly higher than the rice ball to allow space for ingredients otherwise difficult to present as simple nigiri sushi.
Hanzushi/飯ずし: traditional sushi in Heian Era (794 to 1185 A.D)
Hoso maki/Hoso maki Sushi/細巻, 細巻き寿司: long and thin sushi roll, usually served cut, unless requested otherwise
Inari/Inari zushi/稲荷, 稲荷寿司: traditional sushi presentation where a pouch made of fried tofu is filled with sushi rice alone or mixed with finely cut ingredients to resemble a traditional rice pack
Kaburazusi/かぶらずし: Traditional sushi prepared in Ishikawa and Toyama Prefectures
Kaki no Ha Sushi/柿の葉寿司: traditional pressed sushi enveloped inside persimmon leaves
Kanpyou Maki/干瓢巻: traditional dry gourd shavings sushi roll
Kappa Maki/河童巻: cucumber sushi roll (Kappa/Water goblin are supposed to be fond of cucumbers!)
Ko Donburi/Sushi Ko Donburi/子丼, 寿司子丼: small donburi/sushi bowl, popular with ladies
Maki/maki Sushi/巻き, 巻き寿司: sushi roll
Matsumae Sushi/松前寿司: traditional mackerel sushi presented in Bogata style
Mehari sushi/めはり寿司: traditional sushi balls enveloped inside pickled leaves
Millefeuille/ミルフィーユ: A modern sushi style reminiscent of a French mllefeuille
Miso Shiru/味噌汁: miso soup
Namarezushi/なまれずし: traditional sushi form in from Heian and Muromachi Eras ( 13th~14th century)
Narezushi/熟れ鮨: Original form of sushi imported from South eastern Asia (710~). Pickled fish was wrapped around sushi rice for transport away from the sea.
Negitoro Maki/ネギトロ巻き: sushi roll containing grated tuna fat belly flesh
Nigiri/Nigiri sushi/握り, 握り寿司: sushi made with a hand-made ball of sushi rice topped with any ingredient
Oshi Sushi/押し寿司: type of sushi popular in the Kansai region where the sushi rice and toppings are tightly pressed inside a mold instead of being manually pressed rice balls.
Piri Kara Hotate Maki/ピリ辛ホタテ巻き: sushi roll containing scallops in a spicy mayonnaise
Sabanarezushi/鯖熟れ鮨: Pickled mackerel carp sushi (one of the traditional Narezushi/熟れ鮨)
Saimaki/最巻: a traditional presentation for shrimp sushi
Rainbow Maki/レーンボー巻: a modern form of Futo maki/太巻/large roll containing seven ingredients rolled inside. Served in slices.
Sake/shake hanzushi/鮭飯ずし: traditional salmon sushi made in Hokkaido
Sanma namarezushi/秋刀魚なまれずし: traditional sushi made with fermented mackerel pike im Mie and Wakayama Prefectures
Sasamaki tenuke sushi/笹巻き手抜きすし: traditional form of sushi dating back from the beginning of the 18th Century
Shiba ebi no suruimi ire tamagoyaki/芝海老のすり身入れたmご焼き:Japanese omelet containing striped shrimp paste
Shiyokara/塩辛: salted fish or squid
Tekka Maki/鉄火巻き: tuna sushi roll
Tekone zushi/手こね寿司 (also called Bara sushi/ばら寿司, Gomoku sushi/五目寿司): A simple form of Chirashi zushi
Te-Maki/Te-Maki sushi/手巻き, 手巻き寿司: hand-rolled sushi, usually in the shape of a cone
Te-mari Zushi/手毬寿司: Sushi presented in small round balls, especially popular with ladies
Tamagoyaki/卵焼き: traditional Japanese omelet

Sashimi presentations

Moriawase/盛り合わせ: large assortment
O-Makase/お任せ: Chef7s choice
O-Tsukuri/お作り: Sashimi plate
Sukeroku Zushi/助六寿司: traditional combination of Inari sushi and Futo maki
Tataki/叩き: 1) sashimi served finely cut like a tartar style
2) the fish fillet, especially bonito, is first seared over a charcoal or straw fire, then plunged into cold water before being served sliced

Ingredients (other than fish and seafood)

Baniku/馬肉 (also called Sakura/桜): horsemeat
Goma/胡麻: Sesame seeds, golden or black, both roasted
Gomatare/胡麻たれ/: sesame seeds dressing
Kanpyou/干瓢: died gourd shavings
Kome/米: rice
Momiji/紅葉(also called Shikaniku/鹿肉): venison
Miso/味噌: fermented soy bean paste
Niika/煎烏賊: simmered squid
Nori/海苔: seaweed, dry seaweed
Sakura/桜(also called Baniku/馬肉): horsemeat
Satou/砂糖: sugar
Shouyu/醤油: soy sauce
Shikaniku/鹿肉 (also called Momiji/紅葉): venison
Su/酢: vinegar: rice vinegar
Tamago/卵: egg
Uzura no tamago/鶉の卵: quail eggs
Yasai/野菜: vegetables (s)
Wagyu/和牛: wagyu beef
Wasabi/山葵

Technical terms

Bettarazuke/べったら漬: a traditional sweet pickled daikon
Dashi/出し: Japanese-style soupstock (also called dashi Jiru/だし汁)
Gari/ガリ: pickled ginger
Konbujime/昆布締め: raw fish pickled between fresh seaweed sheets
Neta/ネタ: sushi balls/nigiri toppings
Shari/シャリ: the ball of rice in a nigiri sushi
Zuke/漬け: pickled or marinated

Vegetarian Sushi/Vegan Sushi Ingredients ( also see “Algae/Seaweed” below!)

Daikon/大根: Japanese large radish
Gobou/牛蒡 (includes Yama Gobou/山牛蒡): burdock root
Goma/胡麻: sesame seeds
Goya/ゴーヤ (also called Niga uri/苦瓜 ): bitter gourd/ goya
Himesoba/姫蕎麦 (also called Soba no Me/蕎麦の芽): buckwheat sprouts
Kaiware daikon/カイワレ大根: daikon sprouts
Kanpyou/干瓢: dried gourd shavings
Kappa Maki/河童巻: cucumber sushi roll
Kinoko/茸:mushroom (s)
Kyuuri/胡瓜: cucumber
Matsutake/松茸: matsutake mushroom
Me/芽: Sprouts
Menegi/目ネギ: leek sprouts
Miso/味噌: fermented soy bean paste
Mitsuba/三つ葉: a trefoil
Myouga/茗荷: myoga ginger
Nameko: 滑子: nameko mushroom(s)
Nattou/納豆: fermented soy beans
Negi/葱: leek
Niga uri/苦瓜 (also called Goya/ゴーヤ): bitter gourd/ goya
Shiitake/椎茸: shiitake mushroom
Shyouga/生姜: ginger
Soba no Me/蕎麦の芽 (also called Himesoba/姫蕎麦): buckwheat sprouts
Takuan/沢庵: traditional pickled Japanese radish
Ume/梅: Japanese plum. Can be eaten only processed, not raw
Umeboshi/梅干: pickled (salt-pickled) Japanese plums
Ume Natto/梅納豆: a traditional combination of pickled Japanese plum and fermented soy beans
Wasabi/山葵
Yasai/野菜: vegetable(s)

Algae/Seaweed

BROWN ALGAE:
-Konbu/昆布, or Laminariaceae Bory (Latin), comprises many varieties, some of them regional: Makonbu or Saccharina japonica(真昆布), Onikonbu or Laminaria diabolica(羅臼昆布), Rishiri Konbu or Laminaria ochotensis(利尻昆布), Hosome Konbu or Laminaria religiosa(細目昆布), Hitaka or Mitsuishi Konbu or Laminaria angustata(日高昆布、三石昆布), Naga or Hamanaka Konbu or Laminaria longissima(長昆布、浜中昆布), and Kagome or Kjellmaniella crassifolia(籠目昆布).
-Hijiki or hiziki (ヒジキ, 鹿尾菜 or 羊栖菜, hijiki) (Sargassum fusiforme, or Hizikia fusiformis) is a brown sea vegetable growing wild on rocky coastlines around Japan, Korea, and China. Its two names mean deer-tail grass and sheep-nest grass respectively.
-Hibatama or Fucus, a genus of brown alga in the Class Phaeophyceae to be found in the intertidal zones of rocky seashores almost everywhere in the world.
-Hondawara or ホンダワラ(馬尾藻、神馬藻 (Sargassum fulvellum)
-Mozuku, or Cladosiphon okamuranus (水雲; 藻付; 海蘊; 海雲) , a type of edible seaweed in the genus Cladosiphon, naturally found in Okinawa, Japan. Most of the mozuku now is farmed by locals, and sold to processing factories. The main use of mozuku is as food, and as source of one type of sulfated polysaccharide called Fucoidan to be used in cancer treatment aid health supplements.
-Wakame (ワカメ), Undaria pinnatifida, a sea vegetable, or edible seaweed. In Japan it is most widely used in miso soup.

VIOLET ALGAE:
-Asakusa Nori, or アサクサノリ(浅草海苔 (Porphyra tenera).
-Tengusa/天草, which gives agar agar, a gelatinous substance. Historically and in a modern context, it is chiefly used as an ingredient in desserts throughout Japan, but also as solid jelly used as decoration in salads and others.
GREEN ALGAE:
-Aosa/碧草 or sea lettuce comprising comprise the genus Ulva, a group of edible green algae that are widely distributed along the coasts of the world’s oceans.
-Aonori /青海苔 ,アオノリ, “blue seaweed” or “green seaweed”), also known as green laver, a type of edible green seaweed, including species from the genera Monostroma and Enteromorpha of Ulvaceae. It is commercially cultivated in some bay areas in Japan, such as Ise Bay. It contains rich minerals such as calcium, magnesium, lithium, vitamins, and amino acids such as methionine.
-Umibudou/海葡萄: or sea grapes from Okinawa, a delicacy of its own!
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RECOMMENDED RELATED WEBSITES

So Good Sushi Restaurant in Nice France
Navigating Nagoya by Paige, Shop with Intent by Debbie, BULA KANA in Fiji, Kraemer’s Culinary blog by Frank Kraemer in New York,Tokyo Food File by Robbie Swinnerton, Green Tea Club by Satoshi Nihonyanagi in Shizuoka!, Mind Some by Tina in Taiwan, Le Manger by Camille Oger (French), The Indian Tourist, Masala Herb by Helene Dsouza in Goa, India, Mummy I Can Cook! by Shu Han in London, Pie
rre.Cuisine
, Francescannotwrite, My White Kitchen, Foodhoe, Chucks Eats, Things that Fizz & Stuff, Five Euro Food by Charles,Red Shallot Kitchen by Priscilla,With a Glass, Nami | Just One Cookbook, Peach Farm Studio, Clumsyfingers by Xethia, PepperBento, Hapabento, Kitchen Cow, Lunch In A Box, Susan at Arkonlite, Vegan Lunch Box; Tokyo Tom Baker, Daily Food Porn/Osaka, Only Nature Food Porn, Happy Little Bento, J-Mama’s Kitchen, Cook, Eat, Play, Repeat, Bento Lunch Blog (German), Adventures In Bento, Anna The Red’s Bento Factory, Ohayo Bento,

Must-see tasting websites:

-Sake: Ichi For The Michi by Rebekah Wilson-Lye in Tokyo, Tokyo Through The Drinking Glass, Tokyo Foodcast, Urban Sake, Sake World
-Wine: Palate To Pen, Warren Bobrow, Cellar Tours, Ancient Fire Wines Blog
-Beer: Another Pint, Please!, Beering In Good Mind: All about Craft Beer in Kansai by Nevitt Reagan!
ABRACADABREW, Magical Craftbeer from Japan
-Whisky: Nonjatta: All about whisky in Japan by Stefan Van Eycken
-Japanese Pottery to enjoy your favourite drinks: Yellin Yakimono Gallery

Non gastronomy must-see sites by Shizuoka Residents
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Japanese Fish: Japanese~English Lexicon (amended October 2017)

I thought that such a lexicon would become handy both for English-speaking newcomers and long term residents!

I wrote the Japanese pronunciation first, the Chinese (Japanese kanji) characters and the English translations.

bear in mind that many fish have many names depending on the Japanese region. These are the common names.
If you have a question I will be glad to investigate!

A separate lexicon is being prepared for all other seafood!

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Traditional Japanese Fish Classification

Akami/赤身: red-fleshed fish (tuna, bonito, etc)
Amago/アマゴ: fresh water Red spotted masu trout, Satsukimasu salmon
Gyoran/魚卵: Fish roe (salmon roe, etc)
Hikarimono/光り物: “shining fish” (scabbard fis, etc.)
Nagamono/長もの: “long fish” (eels, etc.)
Saamon/サーモン: salmons
Shiromi/白身: white-fleshed fish (sole, etc.)

Fish varieties

Aburagarei/油鰈: a cheap variety of karei/鰈: righteye flounder, atheresthes evermanni Jordan and Starks
Aodai/青鯛: “blue snapper”, paracaesio caeruleus (Katayama)
Atorantikku saamon/アトランティックサーモン: Atlantic salmon
Ainame/鮎並、愛魚女: greenling
Akahata/赤羽太: an expensive variety of red grouper, epinephelus fasciatus
Aka isaki/赤伊佐木、赤伊佐幾、赤鶏魚/Red chicken grunt
Aka jinmiidai/赤仁羽鯛 (also called Sujiara/筋𩺊): Red-spotted rockcod, Blue spotted grouper
Akakamasu/赤梭魚、赤梭子魚、赤魳 (also called Honkamasu/本梭魚、本梭子魚、本魳): red barracuda, sphyraena pinguis Gunther
Aka kasago/赤笠子、赤瘡魚: rockfish, marbled rockfish, scorpionfish
Akamanbou/赤万包 (also called Mandai/万鯛): Opah,Moonfish
Aka mebaru/赤メバル: red Japanese sea perch-rockfish
Akamutsu/赤鱫、赤鯥 (also called Nodokuro/喉黒): rosy seabass, red gnomefish
Akou/茂魚,石茂魚 (also called kijihata/雉羽太): redspotted grouper
Akoudai/赤魚鯛: rose fish
Amadai/甘鯛: tilefish
Amenouo (Biwa masu)/岩魚, 鯇、天之魚(琵琶鱒): Biwa trout, Biwa salmon (fresh water), char
Aanago/穴子、海鰻: conger eel
Ankou/鮟鱇、鮟: frogfish, monkfish
Ara/𩺊: sawedged perch
Ayu/鮎、香魚: ayu, ayu fish (fresh water)
Bachimaguro/鉢鮪 ・撥鮪(also known as Mebachi/目鉢 。眼撥or as Mebachimaguro/目鉢鮪・眼撥鮪): big-eyed tuna
Bakemaguro/化け鮪(also called Koshinagamaguro/腰長鮪): longtail tuna, longtailed tuna, spot-side tuna (the smallest tuna in Japan)
Binchoumaguro/鬢長鮪 (also known as Binnaga/鬢長 and Tonbomaguro/蜻蛉鮪): Albacore
Binnaga/鬢長 (also known as Binchoumaguro/鬢長鮪 and Tonbomaguro/蜻蛉鮪): Albacore
Biwa masu (Amenouo)/ 琵琶鱒(岩魚, 鯇、天之魚): Biwa trout, Biwa salmon (fresh water), char
Bora/鯔: mullet
Bouzu Konnnyaku/坊主蒟蒻 (also called Chikodai/チコ鯛 or Chidai/血鯛, although misleading): Chunky fathead, cubiceps squmixeps
Budai/ブ鯛: white-spotted parrotfish, Japanese parrotfish
Buri/鰤: yellowtail/Japanese Amberjack
Chichibu/ちいぶ: Tridentiger obscurus (Temminck and Schlegel)
Chidai/血鯛: Crimson sea-bream,Porgy
Chouzame/蝶鮫、鱘: sturgeon
Dojyou/鰌:loach
Ebisudai/恵比寿鯛: Deepwater squirrelfish, Ebisu perch, Giant squirrelfish
Ebodai (also called Ibodai)/えぼ鯛(疣鯛): Japanese butterfish, Melon seed, Wart Perch 
Ei/鱏、鱝、鰩、海鷂魚: Ray. There are many kinds of ray available on the Japanese market. I have heard of at least 13 varieties: Akaei/Whip stingray, Japanese stingray, Hakutensibireei/Electric ray, Hirataei/ Urolophus aurantiacus Müller and Henle,1841, Hoshiei/Pitted stingray, Karasuei/ Pleroplatytrygon violacea (Bonaparte,1832), Madaratobiei/Eagle ray, Narutobiei/Longheaded Eagle Ray, Naru Eagle Ray,Onagaei/Bennett’s cowtail ray, shibireei/Electric ray, tsubakuroei/Japanese butterflyray, tsumarikasube/Okamejei schmidti (Ishiyama,1958), tobiei/Japanese Eagle Ray, Yamatoshibireei/Trapezoidal torpedo
Eso/狗母魚・鱛: lizardfish, snakefish
Etsu/斉魚、鱭魚: Grenadier anchovy
Fuedai/笛鯛: star snapper
Fugu/鰒、河豚: Globefish
Fuka/鱶: shark
Funa/鮒: crucian carp (fresh water)
Ginzake/銀鮭: coho salmon, silver salmon
Gomasaba/胡麻鯖: blue mackerel
Gori/ごり: floating goby
Gori/ごり:Japanese sculpin (also called ukkigori/うきごり)
Goten anago/御殿穴子: a cheap variety of Anago/穴子: conger eel, arisoma meeki (Jordan and Snyder)
Hagatsuo/歯鰹: striped bonito
Hamachi/はまち/Japanese name for a lighter colored flesh variety of buri/鰤/yellowtail
Hakkaku (also called Tokubire)/八角 (トクビレ): a variety of poacher, Podothecus sachi
Hamadai/浜鯛 (also called Onaga/尾長): flame snapper, longtailed red snapper, Onaga
Hamafuefukidai/浜笛吹鯛: a cheap variety of snapper, lethrinus nebulosus (Forsskal)
Hamo/鱧: pike eel
Hasu/鰣: Opsariichthys uncirostris (Temminck et Schlegel, 1846)
Hata/羽太: grouper, the expensive variety
Hata hata/鰰: a sandfish
Haze/蝦虎魚、鯊: goby
Hedai/平鯛: goldlined seabream-tarwhine-stumpnose
Higai/鰉: fat minnow
Higetara/髭鱈: snubnose brotula
Himedai/姫鯛: Crimson snapper,Sea-perch,Snapper
Hirame/平目、鮃、比目魚: sole, flatfish
Hiramasa/平政: yellowtail amberjack
Hirasaba/平鯖: chub mackerel, Pacific mackerel, blue mackerel
Hirasoudagatsuo/平宗田鰹: auxis, variety of bonito, bullet tuna
Hirasuzuki/平鱸: a variety of sea blackbass
Hokke/𩸽: Okhotsk atka mackerel, Arabesque greenling
Honkamasu/本梭魚、本梭子魚、本魳 (also called Akakamasu/赤梭魚、赤梭子魚、赤魳): red barracuda, sphyraena pinguis Gunther
Honmaguro/本鮪 (also called Kuromaguro/黒鮪): bluefin tuna
Hoshigarei/星鰈: “Star Turbot”,verasper variegatus (Temmink and Schlegel)
Houbou/方々: red gurnard, red robin
Ibodai (also called Ebodai)/ 疣鯛(えぼ鯛): Japanese butterfish, Melon seed, Wart Perch 
Ikanago/玉筋魚: Japanese sand lance
Inada/いなだ/ Japnese name for buri/鰤/yellowtail/Japanese amberjack when it is 40 cm long
Indomaguro印度鮪 (also known as Minamimaguro/南鮪): Southern Bluefin tuna
Irako anago/伊良子穴子: a cheap variety of Anago/穴子: conger eel, synaphobranchus kaupii Johnson
Isaza/魦・鱊・尓魚・𩶗/Biwa goby
Isaki/伊佐木、伊佐幾、鶏魚: chicken grunt
Ishidai/石鯛: striped beakfish, barred knifejaw
Ishigaki-Ishigakidai/石垣-石垣鯛: spotted knifejaw
Ishigarei/石喰霊: stone flounder
Ishimochi/石持: silver croaker, white croaker, silver jewfish
Iso kasago/磯笠子、磯瘡魚: a variety of rockfish
Iwana/岩魚、嘉魚、鮇: char, charr
Jyuzukakehaze/ジュズカケハゼ: Chestnut goby (also called gori/ごり)
Kaiwari/貝割: whitefin trevally
Kajikimaguro/梶木鮪・旗魚鮪 (also known as Makajiki/真梶木・真旗魚): spearfish (blue) marlin
Kagokakidai/駕籠担鯛: Stripey, Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier)
Kamasu/魳、梭魚、梭子魚: barracuda
Kanpachi/間八、環八: greater amberjack, Japanese amberjack
Harargo/鮞・はららごthe traditional Japanese name for Ikura/イクラ (Russian origin)/salmon roe
Karasugarei/烏鰈: Greenland halibut, Mock halibut, Bastard halibut, Black halibut, Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Walbaum)
Karei/鰈: righteye flounder
Kasago/笠子、瘡魚: False kelpfish, Marbled rockfish
Kasugo/春子鯛: young Madai/真鯛: Japanese seabream
Katsuo/鰹: bonito
Kawahagi/皮剥: filefish, leather jacket
Kibinago/黍女子、黍魚子、吉備女子、吉備奈仔: silver-stripe round herring,
Kibire/黄鰭: yellowback seabream
Kihadamaguro/黄肌鮪 (also known as Kiwada/キワダ(Tokyo, Wakayama), Gesunaga/ゲスナガ(Shizuoka), Mashipi/マシビ(Osaka, Kochi) and Kinhire/キンヒレ: yellowfin tuna
kijihata/雉羽太(also called Akou/茂魚,石茂魚): redspotted grouper
Kinki/金色魚: Thornhead, Idiot, Sebastolobus macrochir (Gunther)
Kinmedai/金目鯛: splendid alfonsino
Kintokidai/金時鯛: red bigeye
Kisu /鱚、鼠頭魚: sand boarer
Ko Aji/子鯵: very young horse mackerel (also called Mame aji/豆鯵)
Kochi/鯒、牛尾魚: flathead
Kohada (konoshiro)/小肌(鰶・鮗・鯯・鱅): dotted gizzard shad
Koi/鯉: carp (fresh water)
Konoshiro (kohada)/小肌(鰶・鮗・鯯・鱅): dotted gizzard shad
Korodai/胡蘆鯛: a cheap variety of snapper, diagramma pictum
Kose/コセ: A variety of Stripped jack, also called Shima aji/縞鯵!
Koshinagamaguro/腰長鮪 (also called Bakemaguro/化け鮪): longtail tuna, longtailed tuna, spot-side tuna (the smallest tuna in Japan)
Koshyo (Koshiodai)/胡椒鯛: crescent sweetlips
Kuchimidai/口美鯛 (also called Menada/目奈陀・目魚): haarder, redlip mullet, Liza haematocheila (Temminck and Schlegel)!
Other names I will have to add to the lexicon!
Kue/九絵、垢穢: longtooth grouper
Kurodai/黒鯛: Japanese black porgy
Kuromaguro/黒鮪(also called Honmaguro/本鮪): bluefin tuna
Kuro Mebaru/黒眼張、黒眼張魚、黒鮴/Black Japanese sea perch
Kuromutsu/黒鱫、黒鯥: Black gnomefish
Kuro shitabirame/黒舌平目: Black Sole
Kyuusen/九線・九仙 (also called Bera/ベラ): halichoeres poecilopterus (Temminck and Schlegel) a cheap variety of snapper in Eastern Japan, but an expensive one in Western Japan
Maaji/真鯵: Japanese jack mackerel
Ma anago/真穴子 (also called Maru anago/丸穴子): a cheap variety of Anago/穴子: conger eel, conger myriaster (Brevoort)
Madai/真鯛: Japanese seabream
Madara/真鱈: Pacific cod
Magarei/真鰈: flounder, yellow striped flounder, turbot, halibut
Maiwashi/真鰯: sardine
Makajiki/真梶木・真旗魚 (also known as Kajikimaguro/梶木鮪・旗魚鮪): spear fish (blue) marlin
Makubuu/マクブー (also called Shirokurabera/シロクラベラ): Okinawa Blackspot tuskfish, Choerodon shoenleinii (Valenciennes)
Mame aji/豆鯵: very young horse mackerel (also called Ko Aji/子鯵)
Managatsuo/真魚鰹: butterfish
Mandai/万鯛 (also called Akamanbou/赤万包): Opah,Moonfish
Numachichibu/ヌマチチブ: Japanese trident goby (also called gori/ごり)
Maruaji/丸鯵: “round horse mackerel”, decpterus akaadsi Abe
Maru anago/丸穴子 (also called Ma anago/真穴子): a cheap variety of Anago/穴子: conger eel, conger myriaster (Brevoort)
Marusoudagatsuo/丸宗田鰹: auxis, variety of bonito, frigate tuna
Masu/鱒: trout
Masunosake/鱒の介: king salmon, chinok salmon
Matoudai/的鯛、馬頭鯛: John dory, St Peter’s fish
Matsukawagarei/松川鰈: An expensive variety of Japanese Karei/鰈: righteye flounder, verasper moseri Jordan and Gilbert
Mebachi/目鉢・眼撥 (also known as Mebachimaguro/目鉢鮪・眼撥鮪or as Bachimaguro/鉢鮪・撥鮪): big-eyed tuna
Mebachimaguro/目鉢鮪 ・眼撥鮪(also known as Mebachi/目鉢 。眼撥or as Bachimaguro/鉢鮪・撥鮪): big-eyed tuna
Mebaru/眼張、眼張魚、鮴: Japanese sea perch, Japanese rock fish
Medai/目鯛: an expensive variety of Japanese snapper, hyperoglyphe japonica
Meichidai/目一鯛: an expensive variety of Japanese snapper, Gymnocranius griseus
Meitagarei/目板鰈: Frog-flounder, Finespotted flounder, Seriola quinqueradiata Temminck and Schlegel
Mejina/眼仁奈: largescale blackfish
Mejiro/目白: young Buri/鰤: yellowtail
Mekajiki/眼梶木・眼旗魚: swordfish, broadbill
Menada/目奈陀・目魚 (also called Kuchimidai/口美鯛): haarder, redlip mullet, Liza haematocheila (Temminck and Schlegel)!
Menuke/目抜: a Japanese variety of rock fish/sea perch, “flame fish”, sebastes flammeus (Jordan and Starks)
Minaimaguro/ 南鮪 (also known as Indomaguro印度鮪): Southern Bluefin tuna
Mizukamasu/水魳、水梭魚、水梭子魚: a variety of Japanese barracuda
Mojako/もじゃこ/ japanese name for buri/鰤/yellowtail/Japanese amberjack when it is still s fry
Mutsu/鱫、鯥: gnomefish
Namazu/鯰: catfish (fresh water)
Nanyoubudai/: blunt headed parrotfish, parrotfish, Chlorurus microrhinos (Bleeker)
Nishin/鯡・鰊: herring
Nodokuro/喉黒 (also called Akamutsu/赤鱫、赤鯥): Rosy seabass
Noresore/のれそれ: conger eel whiting
Oaka Aji/尾赤鯵:Red tail horse mackerel
Ohyou/大鮃: halibut
Okimebara/沖目張 (also called Usumebaru/薄目張): sebastes Thompson (Jordan and Hubbs): a variety of Japanese sea perch, Japanese rock fish
Okoze/虎魚、鰧: velvet fish
Onaga/尾長(also called Hamadai/浜鯛): flame snapper, longtailed red snapper, Onaga
Onigochi/鬼鯒、鬼牛尾魚/a variety of sand borer
Onikasago/鬼笠子、鬼瘡魚: Devil scorpion fish
Renkodai/連子鯛: Yellowback seabream
Saamon torauto/サーモントラウト: salmon trout
Sagoshi/サゴシ/Another name for Sawara/鰆/Japanese Spanish mackerel
Sake, Shake/鮭: salmon
Samegarei/鮫鰈: roughscale sole, clidoderma asperrimum (Temminck and schlegel)
Satsuki masu/皐月鱒: Red spotted masu trout, Satsukimasu salmon
Sakura masu/桜鱒: seema, cherry salmon, masu salmon
Same/鮫: shark
Sanma/秋刀魚、青串魚: mackerel pike
Sappa/鯥: Japanese shad/Japanese sardinella
Sawara/鰆: Japanese Spanish mackerel
Sayori/細魚、針魚: halfbeak
Sennendai:千年鯛: Emperor red sanpper
Shiira/鱪、鱰: mahi mahi, dolphinfish
Shimaaji/縞鯵・島鯵: striped jack, white trevally
Shimanagatsuo/縞鰹: Striped butter fish (not to be confused with Suma/縞鰹: a variety of bonito found in South Japan/same kanji characters!)
Shinko/シンコ: young Kohada (konoshiro)/小肌(鰶・鮗・鯯・鱅): dotted gizzard shad
Shirauo/白魚: white bait
Shirasu/白子(Namasirasu/生白子 if raw): sardine whiting
Shirokurabera/シロクラベラ (also called Makubuu/マクブー): Okinawa Blackspot tuskfish, Choerodon shoenleinii (Valenciennes)
Shiro mebaru/白眼張、白眼張魚、白鮴: white Japanese sea perch-rockfish
Shirosaba Fugu/白鯖河豚: a variety of globefish/puffer fish, lagocephalus wheeleri abe, tabeta and kitahama
Shishamo/柳葉魚: Shishamo (meaning willow leaf fish, a kind of Japanese smelt), Spirinchus lanceolatus
Soi or Kurosoi/曽以, 黒曽以: a variety of black rockfish, sebastes schlegeli, 1880
Sujiara/筋𩺊 (also called Aka jinmiidai/赤仁羽鯛): red-spotted rockcod, blue spotted grouper, plectropomus leoparadus(Lacepède,1802)
Suma/縞鰹: a variety of bonito found in South Japan. Not to be confused with Shimanagatsuo/縞鰹(same kanji characters!): striped butter fish
Suzuki/鱸: Japanese seabass, Japanese dace
Tachiuo/太刀魚、魛: scabbard fish, cutlass fish
Tai/鯛: Seabream (in Japan, it means the best variety!), red snapper
Taiseiyoumaguro/大西洋鮪: Atlantic (including Mediterranean) bluefin tuna
Takabe/鰖: Yellowstriped Butterfish
Tanago/鱮: Acheilognathus melanogaster Bleeker, 1860
Tara/鱈: cod
Tobiuo/飛魚: flying fish
Tonbomaguro/蜻蛉鮪(also known as Binchoumaguro/鬢長鮪 and Binnaga/鬢長): Albacore
Torafugu/虎河豚・虎鰒: globefish
Tsubodai/つぼ鯛: pentaceros japonicus Doderlein (seabream variety)
Ugui/鯎、石斑魚: a Japanese dace, fresh water minnow
Umazura/馬面 (also called Umazurahagi/馬面剥): black scraper, Filefish, Scraper, a large variety of filefish
Umazurahagi/馬面剥(also called Umazura/馬面): black scraper, Filefish, Scraper, a large variety of filefish
Unagi/鰻: eel (only cooked)
Urumeiwashi/うるめ鰯: round Herring
Usumebaru/薄目張 (also called Okimebara/沖目張): sebastes Thompson (Jordan and Hubbs): a variety of Japanese sea perch, Japanese rock fish
Utsubo/鱓: moray eel
Wakasagi/公魚、鰙、若鷺: pond melt, Japanese melt (fresh water
Wakasわかし/Japanese name for buri/鰤/yellowtail/Japanese amberjack when it is 20 cm long
Warasa/わらさ/Japanese name for a buri/鰤/yellowtail/Japanese amberjack when it is 60 cm long
Yagara/矢柄: trumpet fish. There are two varieties: Akayagara/赤矢柄/red trumpet fish and 青矢柄/blue trumpet fish
Yamame/山女魚: A Japanese variety trout
———————————————–

RECOMMENDED RELATED WEBSITES

So Good Sushi Restaurant in Nice France
Navigating Nagoya by Paige, Shop with Intent by Debbie, BULA KANA in Fiji, Kraemer’s Culinary blog by Frank Kraemer in New York,Tokyo Food File by Robbie Swinnerton, Green Tea Club by Satoshi Nihonyanagi in Shizuoka!, Mind Some by Tina in Taiwan, Le Manger by Camille Oger (French), The Indian Tourist, Masala Herb by Helene Dsouza in Goa, India, Mummy I Can Cook! by Shu Han in London, Pie
rre.Cuisine
, Francescannotwrite, My White Kitchen, Foodhoe, Chucks Eats, Things that Fizz & Stuff, Five Euro Food by Charles,Red Shallot Kitchen by Priscilla,With a Glass, Nami | Just One Cookbook, Peach Farm Studio, Clumsyfingers by Xethia, PepperBento, Hapabento, Kitchen Cow, Lunch In A Box, Susan at Arkonlite, Vegan Lunch Box; Tokyo Tom Baker, Daily Food Porn/Osaka, Only Nature Food Porn, Happy Little Bento, J-Mama’s Kitchen, Cook, Eat, Play, Repeat, Bento Lunch Blog (German), Adventures In Bento, Anna The Red’s Bento Factory, Ohayo Bento,

Must-see tasting websites:

-Sake: Ichi For The Michi by Rebekah Wilson-Lye in Tokyo, Tokyo Through The Drinking Glass, Tokyo Foodcast, Urban Sake, Sake World
-Wine: Palate To Pen, Warren Bobrow, Cellar Tours, Ancient Fire Wines Blog
-Beer: Another Pint, Please!, Beering In Good Mind: All about Craft Beer in Kansai by Nevitt Reagan!
ABRACADABREW, Magical Craftbeer from Japan
-Whisky: Nonjatta: All about whisky in Japan by Stefan Van Eycken
-Japanese Pottery to enjoy your favourite drinks: Yellin Yakimono Gallery

Non gastronomy must-see sites by Shizuoka Residents

Kyoto One Cup Sake Tasting 1: Kitagawa Honkei Brewery-Tomio Honjozo Miyouhoudai

Tomo Brewery in Kyoto City has created this one cup sake to promote tourism and Miyoudoudai Festival in particular when the night is lit by ritual fires in the mountains surrounding the city!

And the design characters of the cup have the particularity to turn from transparent to red when the temperature dips under 17 degrees Celsius!

incidentally, this is a hojonzo!

Rice milled down to 68%
Alcohol: 14 degrees
Bottled in February 2016

Color: almost transparent
Clarity: very clear
Aroma: Strong and dry. Plums, smoked wood, raisins
Taste: Dry, deepish and fruity attack.
Raisins, plums, dry mandarins.
Lingers for a while on the palate to depart on even drier notes of oranges, coffee beans and almonds.

Overall: an uncomplicated sake conceived to be enjoyed with food, especially izakaya fare, although many a sake lover would drink it on its own.
Keep the cup as a souvenir!
Recommended pairings: bbq meats, nuts, fried potatoes, cheese

RECOMMENDED RELATED WEBSITES

So Good Sushi Restaurant in Nice France
Navigating Nagoya by Paige, Shop with Intent by Debbie, BULA KANA in Fiji, Kraemer’s Culinary blog by Frank Kraemer in New York,Tokyo Food File by Robbie Swinnerton, Green Tea Club by Satoshi Nihonyanagi in Shizuoka!, Mind Some by Tina in Taiwan, Le Manger by Camille Oger (French), The Indian Tourist, Masala Herb by Helene Dsouza in Goa, India, Mummy I Can Cook! by Shu Han in London, Pie
rre.Cuisine
, Francescannotwrite, My White Kitchen, Foodhoe, Chucks Eats, Things that Fizz & Stuff, Five Euro Food by Charles,Red Shallot Kitchen by Priscilla,With a Glass, Nami | Just One Cookbook, Peach Farm Studio, Clumsyfingers by Xethia, PepperBento, Hapabento, Kitchen Cow, Lunch In A Box, Susan at Arkonlite, Vegan Lunch Box; Tokyo Tom Baker, Daily Food Porn/Osaka, Only Nature Food Porn, Happy Little Bento, J-Mama’s Kitchen, Cook, Eat, Play, Repeat, Bento Lunch Blog (German), Adventures In Bento, Anna The Red’s Bento Factory, Ohayo Bento,

Must-see tasting websites:

-Sake: Ichi For The Michi by Rebekah Wilson-Lye in Tokyo, Tokyo Through The Drinking Glass, Tokyo Foodcast, Urban Sake, Sake World
-Wine: Palate To Pen, Warren Bobrow, Cellar Tours, Ancient Fire Wines Blog
-Beer: Another Pint, Please!, Beering In Good Mind: All about Craft Beer in Kansai by Nevitt Reagan!
ABRACADABREW, Magical Craftbeer from Japan
-Whisky: Nonjatta: All about whisky in Japan by Stefan Van Eycken
-Japanese Pottery to enjoy your favourite drinks: Yellin Yakimono Gallery

Non gastronomy must-see sites by Shizuoka Residents

HIGHOCTANE/HAIOKU by Nick Itoh in Shizuoka City

Sushi Millefeuille 2017 Summer Version at Sushi Shokunin Birukawa in Shizuoka City!

Service: shy but extremely attentive and kind
Equipment & Facilities: overall very clean. Excellent washroom. Non-smoking private room possible
Prices: reasonable (that is for true sushi!)
Strong points: Sushi mainly created with local seafood. 3-year old wasabi root exclusively used. Grilled and deep-fried fish, tempura. Excellent list of sake and shochu.

Chef Kenta Birukawa/尾留川健太親方, as a true chef has always loved to be challenged into new ideas.
Every time I visit his restaurant, Sushi Shokunin Birukawa, in Aoi Ku, Shizuoka City he knows I will asak for a new “Sushi Millefeuille”, a bit to the surprise of regulars as the order is not written anywhere, be it on the regular menu or specialties of the day!

So when I proposed the name, Summer Version Sushi Millefeuille, that is what he came up with!
Note that the sushi rice is lightly colored as 10% of the rice vinegar used in its making is akazu/red vinegar!

The fish served in aburi style/half grilled, half raw on top is “nodoguro” or “blackthroat seaperch” also known as “akamutsu” in Japan, a seasonal fish of higher quality!
The fish was accompanied with “boiled “shako” or squilla!
Anago/grilled conger eel was also included inside the rice with grilled eggplant and thinly sliced cucumber!

Almost a whole dinner by itself1 Looking forward to the next challenge!

SUSHI SHOKUNIN BIRUKAWA/寿司職人尾留川

420-0037 Shizuoka City, Aoi Ku, Hitoyado-Cho, 2-5-8
Tel.: 054-251-9787
Opening hours: 17:00~23:00
Closed on Wednesdays
Reservations highly recommended
Credit cards OK

RECOMMENDED RELATED WEBSITES

So Good Sushi Restaurant in Nice France
Navigating Nagoya by Paige, Shop with Intent by Debbie, BULA KANA in Fiji, Kraemer’s Culinary blog by Frank Kraemer in New York,Tokyo Food File by Robbie Swinnerton, Green Tea Club by Satoshi Nihonyanagi in Shizuoka!, Mind Some by Tina in Taiwan, Le Manger by Camille Oger (French), The Indian Tourist, Masala Herb by Helene Dsouza in Goa, India, Mummy I Can Cook! by Shu Han in London, Pie
rre.Cuisine
, Francescannotwrite, My White Kitchen, Foodhoe, Chucks Eats, Things that Fizz & Stuff, Five Euro Food by Charles,Red Shallot Kitchen by Priscilla,With a Glass, Nami | Just One Cookbook, Peach Farm Studio, Clumsyfingers by Xethia, PepperBento, Hapabento, Kitchen Cow, Lunch In A Box, Susan at Arkonlite, Vegan Lunch Box; Tokyo Tom Baker, Daily Food Porn/Osaka, Only Nature Food Porn, Happy Little Bento, J-Mama’s Kitchen, Cook, Eat, Play, Repeat, Bento Lunch Blog (German), Adventures In Bento, Anna The Red’s Bento Factory, Ohayo Bento,

Must-see tasting websites:

-Sake: Ichi For The Michi by Rebekah Wilson-Lye in Tokyo, Tokyo Through The Drinking Glass, Tokyo Foodcast, Urban Sake, Sake World
-Wine: Palate To Pen, Warren Bobrow, Cellar Tours, Ancient Fire Wines Blog
-Beer: Another Pint, Please!, Beering In Good Mind: All about Craft Beer in Kansai by Nevitt Reagan!
ABRACADABREW, Magical Craftbeer from Japan
-Whisky: Nonjatta: All about whisky in Japan by Stefan Van Eycken
-Japanese Pottery to enjoy your favourite drinks: Yellin Yakimono Gallery

Non gastronomy must-see sites by Shizuoka Residents

HIGHOCTANE/HAIOKU by Nick Itoh in Shizuoka City

GRACE WINES Co (Yamanashi Prefecture)Wines Tasting at La Sommeliere in Shizuoka City!

La Sommeliere in Miyuki-Cho, Aoi Ku, Shizuoka Prefecture was reserved for the whole day on Wednesday, July 19th!

Once again Mr. Katsunori Kaneko of Grace Wines Co. in Yamanashi Prefecture graced (conscious pun!) us with his presence at La Sommeliere in Shizuoka City to help us taste the wines of his company under the auspices of Mrs. Hiromi Hasegawa, Wine & Sake Sommeliere and owner of the establishment!

Some of the studious attendance!

Mrs. Hiromi Hasegawa and Mr. Katsunori Kaneko looking after us!

A sample of the soil and rocks found in Katsunuma, Yamanashi Prefecture where Grace Wines Co. is located and producing organic wines since 1923!

The wines of the day!

SERENA Chardonnay Traditional Method Spakling Wine.
White. Extra brut. Chardonnay grapes.
Alcohol: 12.5%
Double fermentation. Manual remuage. 23 months maturity inside bottles.

Clarity: very clear
Color: Light golden hue. Fine bubbles.
Aroma: dry and fruity.
Dry muscat. Faint melon.
Taste: dry and fruity attack.
Wecome acidity.
Lingers long enough n the palate for true tasting.
Muscat. Raisins.
Very easy to drink. Refreshing and unpretentious.
Recommended pairings: Asparagus, vegetable salad.

Gris de Koshu
White. Alcohol: 12%. Koshu Gris grapes.

Clarity: very clear
Color: faint golden
Aroma: light and fruity with a sweetish woody accent. Faint vanilla.
Taste: dry and fruity attack.
Lingers on palate only for a short while.
Dry muscats.
Refreshing if somewhat short impression.
Tends to get sweeter and fruitier with food.
Recommended pairings: cottage cheese, vegetable salad, chicken salad.

Grace Kayagake 2016
White. Alcohol: 11.5%. Grace Wines Co. white grapes blend.

Clarity: very clear
Color: light golden hue
Aroma: dry and spicy. Dry muscats. Faint lemons.
Taste: dry and fruity attack.
Flowers, dry muscat.
Lingers on the palate only for a short while but very steady.
Ends on dry but softer note.
Easy to drink. Actually finishes on improved impression.
Recommended pairings: chicken salad, white-fleshed fish Meuniere.

Grace Koshu 2016
White. Alcohol: 12%. Grace Wines Co. Grapes blend.

Clarity: very clear
Color: light golden hue
Aroma: dry and deepish. Raisins
Taste: dry, slightly acidic and fruity attack.
Pineapple, raisins.
Lingers long enough on palate for true tasting.
Pleasant impression appealing for a further sip. Raisins tend to surge again with every sip.
Recommended pairings: tempura, sushi, grilled white-fleshed fish, vegetable terrine.

Grace Koshu Torii Birahata 2016
White. Alcohol: 12%. Grace Wines Co. Grapes blend.

Clarity: very clear
Color: light golden hue
Aroma: dry and spicy. Flowers, muscat, raisins.
Taste: dry and slightly deep attack.
Light and easy to drink.
Fine petillant.
Lingers on the palate only for a short while.
Muscat, figs.
Recommended pairings: white-fleshed fish Meuniere, sashimi, shellfish.

Koshu Torii Birahata Private Reserve 2016
White. Alcohol: 12.5%. Grace Wines Co. Grapes blend.

Clarity: very clear
Color: light golden he
Aroma: discreet and sweetish. Flowers, sweet apple, faint raisins.
Taste: dry, fruity and elegant attack.
Lingers long enough on the palate for true tasting.
Apples, faint raisins, peach.
Recommended pairings: chicken karaage, vegetable terrine.

Looking forward o he next wine tatsing!

LA SOMMELIERE

420-0857 Shizuoka City, Aoi Ku, Miyuki Cho, 7-5, Aiseido Bldg, 1F
Tel. & Fax: 054-266-5085
Opening hours: 11:00~22:00, 12:00~18:00 on Sundays & National Holidays
FACEBOOK (Japanese)
Entirely non-smoking!

RECOMMENDED RELATED WEBSITES

So Good Sushi Restaurant in Nice France
Navigating Nagoya by Paige, Shop with Intent by Debbie, BULA KANA in Fiji, Kraemer’s Culinary blog by Frank Kraemer in New York,Tokyo Food File by Robbie Swinnerton, Green Tea Club by Satoshi Nihonyanagi in Shizuoka!, Mind Some by Tina in Taiwan, Le Manger by Camille Oger (French), The Indian Tourist, Masala Herb by Helene Dsouza in Goa, India, Mummy I Can Cook! by Shu Han in London, Pie
rre.Cuisine
, Francescannotwrite, My White Kitchen, Foodhoe, Chucks Eats, Things that Fizz & Stuff, Five Euro Food by Charles,Red Shallot Kitchen by Priscilla,With a Glass, Nami | Just One Cookbook, Peach Farm Studio, Clumsyfingers by Xethia, PepperBento, Hapabento, Kitchen Cow, Lunch In A Box, Susan at Arkonlite, Vegan Lunch Box; Tokyo Tom Baker, Daily Food Porn/Osaka, Only Nature Food Porn, Happy Little Bento, J-Mama’s Kitchen, Cook, Eat, Play, Repeat, Bento Lunch Blog (German), Adventures In Bento, Anna The Red’s Bento Factory, Ohayo Bento,

Must-see tasting websites:

-Sake: Ichi For The Michi by Rebekah Wilson-Lye in Tokyo, Tokyo Through The Drinking Glass, Tokyo Foodcast, Urban Sake, Sake World
-Wine: Palate To Pen, Warren Bobrow, Cellar Tours, Ancient Fire Wines Blog
-Beer: Another Pint, Please!, Beering In Good Mind: All about Craft Beer in Kansai by Nevitt Reagan!
ABRACADABREW, Magical Craftbeer from Japan
-Whisky: Nonjatta: All about whisky in Japan by Stefan Van Eycken
-Japanese Pottery to enjoy your favourite drinks: Yellin Yakimono Gallery

Non gastronomy must-see sites by Shizuoka Residents

HIGHOCTANE/HAIOKU by Nick Itoh in Shizuoka City

Shimizu S-Pulse Soccer Club: Food Stands at Nihondaira Stadium in Shimizu Ku, Shizuoka City!

A Shizuoka specialty on offer at Nihondaira Stadium: Sakuraebi Kakiage to shirasu donburi/bowl of rice topped with cherry shrimps fritters and biled sardine whiting (Seasonal only!)!

Watching a soccer/game, even in Japan, is certainly a hungry and thirsty job!
But do not worry, there is plenty on offer at food stands both outside and inside the stadium to satisfy all palates!

Plenty of beer with Sapporo Company, on of Shimizu S-Pulse official sponsors which also has a big brewery in the Prefecture! Outside the stadium!

Inside the stadium!
Of course soft drinks are available!

As for food, there is really a lot to chose from!
Let’s start with outside the stadium!

No less than 8 kinds of snacks from yaki soba/pan-fried noodles to jagaimo/boiled and buttered potatoes and 6 sof drinks!

What do they make here?

Taiyaki/hot fish-shaped pancake filled with bean jam!

Tako yaki/hot octopus dumplings!

Shaved ice!
Choose your topping!

Shorounpo/hot and juicy Chinese dumplings!

Chinese fried rice!

And more Chinese treats!

Bread and cakes!

Pop corn!

Seafood ramen, curry noodles and chicken karaage!

Bento!

And more from sausages to fried potatoes!

Let’s go inside1
Fried potatoes (French fires for the Americans! LOL)!

No less than 9 dishes from Bacon steak to Japanese Chazuke!

Pineapple!

Fried chicken!

Brochettes!

And for dessert, a smile form the pop corn girls!

RECOMMENDED RELATED WEBSITES

So Good Sushi Restaurant in Nice France
Navigating Nagoya by Paige, Shop with Intent by Debbie, BULA KANA in Fiji, Kraemer’s Culinary blog by Frank Kraemer in New York,Tokyo Food File by Robbie Swinnerton, Green Tea Club by Satoshi Nihonyanagi in Shizuoka!, Mind Some by Tina in Taiwan, Le Manger by Camille Oger (French), The Indian Tourist, Masala Herb by Helene Dsouza in Goa, India, Mummy I Can Cook! by Shu Han in London, Pie
rre.Cuisine
, Francescannotwrite, My White Kitchen, Foodhoe, Chucks Eats, Things that Fizz & Stuff, Five Euro Food by Charles,Red Shallot Kitchen by Priscilla,With a Glass, Nami | Just One Cookbook, Peach Farm Studio, Clumsyfingers by Xethia, PepperBento, Hapabento, Kitchen Cow, Lunch In A Box, Susan at Arkonlite, Vegan Lunch Box; Tokyo Tom Baker, Daily Food Porn/Osaka, Only Nature Food Porn, Happy Little Bento, J-Mama’s Kitchen, Cook, Eat, Play, Repeat, Bento Lunch Blog (German), Adventures In Bento, Anna The Red’s Bento Factory, Ohayo Bento,

Must-see tasting websites:

-Sake: Ichi For The Michi by Rebekah Wilson-Lye in Tokyo, Tokyo Through The Drinking Glass, Tokyo Foodcast, Urban Sake, Sake World
-Wine: Palate To Pen, Warren Bobrow, Cellar Tours, Ancient Fire Wines Blog
-Beer: Another Pint, Please!, Beering In Good Mind: All about Craft Beer in Kansai by Nevitt Reagan!
ABRACADABREW, Magical Craftbeer from Japan
-Whisky: Nonjatta: All about whisky in Japan by Stefan Van Eycken
-Japanese Pottery to enjoy your favourite drinks: Yellin Yakimono Gallery

Non gastronomy must-see sites by Shizuoka Residents

HIGHOCTANE/HAIOKU by Nick Itoh in Shizuoka City

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